Content and Specifications of CPFO Exams

A special committee was appointed for each examination to define the body of knowledge to be tested on the examination. Members of the GFOA's standing committees were asked to review exam specifications for completeness and relative importance. Results of these surveys serve as the basis for specifications for certification examinations.  Radford University's Governmental and Nonprofit Assistance Center is responsible for updating the exams on a continuous basis.

Each edition of a certification examination is constructed in accordance with examination specifications that list topics to be covered and assign numbers of examination items to topics. Presented in outline form, examination specifications ensure that the character of the examination remains consistent from one edition to the next.

Each examination is composed of up to 175 multiple-choice items presented in the English language. A multiple-choice item consists of a stem, which poses a problem, and possible answers. Only one possible answer is correct or best. For GFOA certification examinations, each item has four possible choices.

Specifications and sample items/questions for the five Exams can be found by clicking on the links below: (PDF format files)

Governmental Accounting, Auditing, and Financial Reporting         Specifications     Sample Exams
Treasury and Investment Management         Specifications     Sample Exams
Debt Management         Specifications     Sample Exams
Operating and Capital Budgeting         Specifications     Sample Exams
Retirement & Benefits, Risk Management, and Procurement         Specifications     Sample Exams