Infrastructure Investment and Jobs Act (IIJA) Implementation Resources

The Infrastructure Investment and Jobs Act (IIJA), aka Bipartisan Infrastructure Law (BIL), was signed into law by President Biden on November 15, 2021. The law authorizes $1.2 trillion for transportation and infrastructure spending with $550 billion of that figure going toward “new” investments and programs. Funding from the IIJA is expansive in its reach, addressing energy and power infrastructure, access to broadband internet, water infrastructure, and more. Some of the new programs funded by the bill could provide the resources needed to address a variety of infrastructure needs at the local level.

The GFOA Federal Liaison Center will monitor program implementation and update resources as needed in the sections below. PLEASE NOTE: The new programs are generally still at various stages of agency development; we will strive to post updates when available.

IIJA Highlights

This is a high level breakdown of where the $550B in IIJA will be directed.

Resources from the White House

Points to Consider in Preparation of Funding/Program Rollout

Although this is not an exhaustive list, here is a sample of various considerations local governments can think about as IIJA implementation gets underway.

  • Coordinate across departments internally and with metropolitan planning organizations (as appropriate)
  • Prioritize your community's capital needs and develop a project pipeline
  • Review the IIJA Guidebook to identify potential funding streams to focus on
  • Become familiar with your state's broadband agency and work with them to ensure your local community or region's needs are appropriately mapped and inventoried
  • Establish relationships with the regional offices for the federal agencies that are key to addressing your community's needs as they can help direct you to resources and provided technical assistance

Buy America, Build America Act (BABA)

The Buy America, Build America Act is part of the Infrastructure and Investment Jobs Act (IIJA). The act aims to prioritize and incentivize the usage of goods, products, materials, and services made or provided for in the United States. Specifically for infrastructure, the Act will provide Federal financial assistance for any program that has infrastructure, even if infrastructure is not the primary purpose of the program. However, it must adhere to the following requirements:

  • All iron and steel used in infrastructure projects must be made in the United States throughout the entirety of the manufacturing process.
  • All manufactured products must be produced in the United States. All components of the manufactured product must be produced in the United States and be greater than 55 percent of the total cost of all components of the manufactured product.
  • All construction materials must be made in the United States throughout the entirety of the manufacturing process.

Link to initial guidance on the implementation of Buy America, Build America Act (BABA).

Funding Opportunities Under IIJA

The tables below aim to provide a sampling of the various programs/funding available under the law that may be of interest to states and local governments of all sizes. Additionally, we have created a separate Notice of Funding Opportunity (NOFO) tracker based on the programs highlighted below.

NOFOs are the formally issued announcement from a federal agency of the availability of federal or federal pass-through funding via one of its financial assistance programs.

Click HERE for GFOA's IIJA NOFO Tracker.

IIJA Funding for Roads, Bridges, and Railways

The Department of Transportation (USDOT) released state-by-state fact sheets to highlight how the funding could benefit based on the amount the state could expect to receive. You can click HERE to find your state's fact sheet.

Below are additional transportation-related programs that may be of interest for local governments.

Program Name

IIJA Funding
(Generally funding is over 5 years but portions may still be subject to future appropriations)

Resource(s)

Capital Investment Grants Program

IIJA guarantees $8 billion, and authorizes $15 billion more in future appropriations.

  • This grant program funds transit capital investments, including heavy rail, commuter rail, light rail, streetcars, and bus rapid transit.
  • Federal transit law requires transit agencies seeking Capital Investment Grants funding to complete a series of steps over several years.
  • The law also requires projects to be rated by Federal Transit Administration at various points in the process according to statutory criteria evaluating project justification and local financial commitment.

Rebuilding American Infrastructure with Sustainability and Equity (RAISE) Discretionary Grant program

IIJA increases funding for the program by $15 billion with half of that in guaranteed appropriations.

  • It is a competitive grant program which provides funding for road, rail, transit, and other surface transportation of local and/or regional significance.
  • Selection criteria includes safety, sustainability, equity, economic competitiveness, mobility, and community connectivity.

National Infrastructure Project Assistance (also known as "Megaprojects" or "MEGA")

IIJA provides $5 billion in competitive grants for states, local governments, tribes, and other related organizations.

  • $1 billion will be given out for FY2022. 50% of the funding will be awarded to projects greater than $500 million and 50% will be awarded to projects between $100 million and $500 million.
  • This programs provides funding for megaprojects that will likely generate national, regional, economic, mobility, or safety benefits.

Infrastructure for Rebuilding America (INFRA) Grant Program

IIJA provides $10.9 billion over 5 years for competitive grants including highway or bridge projects to add capacity or improve mobility, intermodal or freight projects, and rail-highway grade crossing separation.

  • Approximately $1.55 billion will be given out for FY 2022. Maximum of 85% of the funding will go towards projects larger than $100 million and a minimum of 15% of the funding will go towards projects smaller than $100 million (12 states have a different, lower threshold for large vs. small between $56 million and $95 million instead of the $100 million threshold for the other states).
  • Eligible Applicants:
    o   A state, or group of states
    o   A metropolitan planning organization that serves more than 200,000 individuals (as stated by the Bureau of the Census)
    o   A unit of local government or a group or local governments
    o   A political subdivision of a state or local government
    o   A special purpose district or port authority with a transportation function, including a port authority.
    o   A Federal land management agency that applies jointly with a state or group of states.
    o   A tribal government or a group of tribal governments.
    o   A multistate corridor organization.
    o   A multistate or multijurisdictional group of entities described above.

Rural Surface Transportation Grant Program (Rural)

IIJA provides $1 billion in competitive grants to states, local governments, tribes, and regional transportation planning organizations.

  • The program will provide funds to improve and expand the surface transportation infrastructure in rural areas to increase connectivity, improve the safety and reliability of the movement of people and freight, and generate regional economic growth and improve quality of life.
  • $300 million will be given out in FY 2022. A minimum of 90% of all projects have a minimum $25 million rural grant award. There is no award minimum for the other 10%.

Safe Streets and Roads for All

$5 billion in competitive grants to support local initiatives to prevent death and serious injury on roads and streets, commonly referred to as ‘‘Vision Zero’’ or ‘‘Toward Zero Deaths’’ initiatives.

  • An eligible project for funding from this program includes projects to develop a comprehensive safety action plan; to conduct planning, design, and development activities for projects and strategies identified in a comprehensive safety action plan; or to carry out projects and strategies identified in a comprehensive safety action plan.
  • Eligible recipients include metropolitan planning organizations, political subdivisions of a state, federally recognized tribal governments, or a multijurisdictional group of entities described here.

Safe Streets and Roads for All Fact Sheet.

Notice of Funding Opportunity for Safe Streets For All Program

Promoting Resilient Operations for Transformative, Efficient and Cost-Saving Transportation (PROTECT) Grants

IIJA provides $1.4 billion in competitive grants open to various recipients (including local governments and special purpose districts) to support planning, resilience improvements, community resilience and evacuation routes, and at-risk coastal infrastructure.

  • Program details forthcoming, pending resolution of federal appropriations legislation

Reconnecting Communities Pilot Program

IIJA provides $500 million over 5 years for:

  • Planning grants to carry out feasibility studies on the impact of removing or mitigating physical infrastructure barriers, including within communities, to improve accessibility and facilitate economic development at an 80 percent federal share ($150 million); and
  • Capital construction grants to owners of eligible facilities including at-grade crossings, limited access highways, and other principal arterial facilities acting as a barrier. Facility owners may partner with a local government to carry out eligible projects.
  • Program details forthcoming

Railroad Crossing Elimination Grant Program

IIJA provides over $5B for this new competitive grant program to fund highway-rail or pathway-rail grade crossing improvement projects that focus on improving the safety and mobility of people and goods.

  • Funding may be used for grade separation or closure, including through the use of a bridge, embankment, tunnel, or combination thereof; track relocation; improvement or installation of protective devices, signals, signs, or other measures to improve safety related to a separation, closure, or track relocation project; other means to improve the safety if related to the mobility of people and goods at highway-rail grade crossings (including technological solutions); or the planning, environmental review, and design of an eligible project type.

National Highway Performance Program

IIJA provides $148 billion in formula grants to states and the District of Columbia.

  • The Federal Highway Administration has requested $24.2 billion in funds for FY2022.
  • $639 million is exempt from obligation limitations.
  • The program provides support for conditions and performance on highways and constructs new facilities.
  • It also provides support for activities to increase the resiliency of the National Highway System to mitigate the cost of damages from sea level rise, extreme weather events, flooding, wildfires, or other natural disasters.
  • Lastly, the program will also ensure that investments of federal-aid funds in highway construction are directed to support progress toward the achievement of performance targets established in a state's asset management plan for the National Highway System.

Notice of apportionment for FY2022 were sent out to state transportation agencies in December 2021.

Details of the Federal Highway Administration funding request for FY2022. (Note: the details for the funding request can be found on page III-20).

Surface Transportation Block Grant Program

IIJA provides $72 billion in formula grants to states and the District of Columbia.

  • The Federal Highway Administration has requested $12.1 billion in funds for FY2022.
  • The program promotes flexibility in state and local transportation decisions and provides flexible funding to best address state and local transportation needs. It can be used on federal-aid highways, bridges for public roads, and transit capital projects.

Notice of apportionment for FY2022 were sent out to state transportation agencies in December 2021.

Details of the Federal Highway Administration funding request for FY2022. (Note: the details for the funding request can be found on page III-21).

Bridge Formula Program

IIJA provides approximately $26.68 billion in formula grants to states, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico.

  • $5.5 billion will be set aside for the program for FY2022.
  • This program provides funding for bridge replacement, rehabilitation, preservation, protection, or construction projects on public roads.

Revised notice of apportionment for FY2022.

Bridge Formula Program Fact Sheet on the Federal Highway Administration website.

Congestion Mitigation & Air Quality Program

IIJA provides approximately $13.2 billion in formula grants to states and the District of Columbia.

  • The Federal Highway Administration has requested $2.5 billion in funds for FY2022.
  • The program provides flexible funding to state and local governments for transportation projects and programs to help meet the requirements of the Clean Air Act.
  • It also provides funding to reduce congestion and improve air quality for areas that do not meet the National Ambient Air Quality for ozone, carbon monoxide, or particulate matter.

Notice of apportionment for FY2022 were sent out to state transportation agencies in December 2021.

Details of the Federal Highway Administration funding request for FY2022. (Note: the details for the funding request can be found on page III-29).

National Highway Freight Program

IIJA provides $7.15 billion in formula grants for states and the District of Columbia.

  • The Federal Highway Administration has requested $1.5 billion in funds for FY2022.
  • The program provides funds to improve the efficient movement of freight on the National Highway Freight Network.
  • Projects that contribute to the efficient movement of freight on the National Highway Freight Network and are identified in a freight investment plan included in the State's freight plan are eligible for funding.
  • A State may not use more than 30 percent of its total National Highway Freight Program funds each year for freight intermodal or freight rail projects, subject to certain restrictions.

Notice of apportionment for FY2022 were sent out to state transportation agencies in December 2021.

Details of the Federal Highway Administration funding request for FY2022. (Note: the details for the funding request can be found on page III-21).

Metropolitan Planning Program

IIJA provides $2.28 billion in formula grants to metropolitan planning organizations.

  • The Federal Highway Administration has requested $357.9 million in funds for FY2022.
  • The IIJA continues this program, which provides funds for a cooperative, continuous, and comprehensive framework for making transportation investment decisions in metropolitan areas.
  • Metropolitan planning activities include the collection and analysis of data on demographics, trends, and system performance; travel demand and system performance forecasting; identification and prioritization of transportation system improvement needs; and coordination of the planning process and decision-making with the public, elected officials, and stakeholder groups.

Notice of apportionment for FY2022 were sent out to state transportation agencies in December 2021.

Details of the Federal Highway Administration funding request for FY2022. (Note: the details for the funding request can be found on page III-28).

Appalachian Development Highway System Grants

IIJA provides $1.25 billion in formula grants to states in the Appalachian region.

  • $250 million will be set aside for FY2022 for the construction of the Appalachian Development Highway System
  • This program will provide funds for the construction of the Appalachian Development Highway System.

Apportionment for FY of 2022 were sent out to individual state's transportation departments in January 2022. A notice for apportionment of the funds can be found here.

Highway Safety Improvement Program

IIJA provides approximately $15.6 billion in formula grants to states and the District of Columbia.

  • The Federal Highway Administration has requested $2.7 billion for FY2022.
  • The program provides states with critical safety funding that is used to save lives and prevent serious injuries on all public roads.
  • It is also based on a performance-driven process that identifies and analyzes highway safety programs and advances highway safety improvement projects that have the greatest potential to reduce fatalities and serious injuries.

Notice of apportionment for FY2022 were sent out to state transportation agencies in December 2021.

Details of the Federal Highway Administration funding request for FY2022. (Note: the details for the funding request can be found on page III-17).

Transportation Infrastructure Finance and Innovation Act Program

IIJA provides $1.25 billion in loans to states, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, localities, or other public authorities.

  • The Federal Highway Administration has requested $300 million for FY2022.
  • The act will have a total of $75 billion in lending capacity under the IIJA.
  • The program will provide Federal credit assistance to eligible surface transportation projects.
  • Eligible projects include highways, transit, intercity passenger rail, some type of freight rail, intermodal freight transfer facilities, and some modifications including a port terminal, and electrification of buses, ferries, trains, and associated infrastructure.

More information on the Transportation Infrastructure Finance and Innovation Act program.

Details of the Federal Highway Administration funding request for FY2022. (Note: the details for the funding request can be found on page III-26).

Highway Use Tax Evasion Projects

IIJA provides $20 million in competitive grants and allocations to states and the IRS.

  • The Federal Highway Administration requests $4 million for FY 2022.
  • This program provides funding to states and the IRS to carry out intergovernmental enforcement efforts, along with training and research, to reduce evasion of payment of motor fuel and other highway use taxes, which are the principal sources for Federal and State highway funding.

Details of the Federal Highway Administration funding request for FY2022. (Note: the details for the funding request can be found on page III-27).

On-the-Job Training Supportive Services Program

IIJA provides $50 million of competitive grants and allocation to states.

  • The Federal Highway Administration requests $10 million for FY2022.
  • This program will help develop the capacity of the Nation's current and future highway construction industry workforce by providing the development and diversity of skilled labor to move minorities, women, and disadvantaged individuals into journey-level positions.

More information on the On-the-Job Training Supportive Services Program.

Details of the Federal Highway Administration funding request for FY2022. (Note: the details for the funding request can be found on page III-31).

Disadvantaged Business Enterprises

IIJA provides $50 million of competitive grants, contracts, and allocations to states.

  • The Federal Highway Administration requests $10 million for FY2022.
  • This program will provide funds to assist small and disadvantaged firms with building capacity and improving their ability to compete for Federal-aid highway contracts.

More information on the Disadvantaged Business Enterprise Program.

Details of the Federal Highway Administration funding request for FY2022. (Note: the details for the funding request can be found on page III-32).

Railway-Highway Crossing Program

IIJA provides approximately $1.23 billion in formula grants to states and the District of Columbia.

  • The program supports projects with the goal of reducing the number of fatalities, injuries, and crashes at public railway-highway grade crossings.

More information on the Railway-Highway Crossing Program on the DOT website.

Bridge Investment Program

IIJA provides $12.2 billion in competitive grants to states, metropolitan planning organizations with more than 20,000 members, local governments, special purpose districts, and tribal governments.

  • The program will support projects to improve bridge and culvert condition, safety, efficiency, and reliability.

More information on the Bridge Investment Program on the DOT website.

Highway Safety Research & Development

IIJA provides $970 million in grants, cooperative agreements, and contracts to states, counties, cities, townships, special districts, tribes, educational institutions, nonprofits, businesses, and/or individuals.

This program funds research and development activities for:

  • highway and traffic safety systems
  • human behavioral factors and their effect on highway and traffic safety
  • evaluation of the effectiveness of countermeasures to increase highway and traffic safety
  • development of technologies to detect drug impaired drivers
  • driver education programs and other research and development programs

Program details forthcoming

Vehicle Safety and Behavioral Research

IIJA provides $548.5 million in grants, cooperative agreements, or contracts to states, counties, cities, townships, special districts, tribal governments, educational institutions, nonprofits, businesses, and/or individuals.

This program provides supplemental funding to accelerate vehicle and behavioral safety research.

Program details forthcoming

IIJA Funding for Public Transportation

The IIJA invests $91.2 billion to repair and modernize transit. The legislation supports expanded public transportation choices nationwide, replacing thousands of deficient transit vehicles, including buses, with clean, zero emission vehicles, and improving accessibility for the elderly and people with disabilities.

Link to Public Transportation Agency Safety Plan FAQs for New Bipartisan Infrastructure Law Requirements.

Program

IIJA Funding

(Generally funding is over 5 years but portions may still be subject to further appropriations)

Resource(s)

Low or No Emission Bus Grants

IIJA provides approximately $5.62 billion of competitive grants. $1.1 billion is available for FY of 2022. Funding is available for states, counties, cities/townships to help transit agencies purchase or lease low or no-emission buses.

Bus and Bus Facilities Competitive Grants

IIJA provides approximately $1.97 billion of competitive grants for bus and bus facilities. $372 million is available for FY of 2022. Funding is available for states, counties, and cities/townships to replace, rehabilitate, purchase, or lease buses, bus-related equipment, and bus-related facilities.

Bus and Bus Facilities Formula Grants

IIJA provides approximately $1.97 billion of competitive grants for bus and bus facilities. $372 million is available for FY of 2022. Funding is available for states, counties, and cities/townships to replace, rehabilitate, purchase, or lease buses, bus-related equipment, and bus-related facilities.

Urbanized Area Formula Grants

IIJA provides approximately $33.4 billion in formula grants to states, counties, cities/townships, special districts, and tribes.

  • Approximately $3.3 billion will also be provided from the Growing States and High-Density states formula factors. (total funding).
  • Approximately $6.9 billion was made available for FY 2022.
  • This program makes federal resources available to urbanized areas and to governors for transit capital and operating assistance in urbanized areas and for transportation-related planning. 

More information on the Urbanized Area Formula Grants on the FTA website.

Breakdown of apportionment for states and local areas.

Breakdown of apportionment by public transportation system operator.

Metropolitan Transportation Planning Program

IIJA provides approximately $799.4 million in formula grants to states and metropolitan planning organizations.

  • Approximately $152.2 million is given out for the FY 2022.
  • This program will provide funding for work elements that result in a balance and comprehensive intermodal transportation planning for the movement of people and goods in the metropolitan area.

Breakdown of apportionment for each state for the Metropolitan Transportation Planning Program. (Note: The column under Section 5305(d) is the apportionment for this program).

Statewide Transportation Planning Program

IIJA provides approximately $167 million in formula grants to states and metropolitan planning organizations.

  • Approximately $32 million was given out in FY 2022.
  • The funding for this program can be used for comprehensive planning, engineering, design, and evaluation of public transportation projects and studies involving modes other than transit when performed as part of the metropolitan transportation planning process.

Breakdown of apportionment for each state for the Statewide Transportation Planning Program. (Note: The column under Section 5303(e) is the apportionment for this program).

Pilot Program for Transit Oriented Development

IIJA provides approximately $68.9 million in competitive grants to state or local government authorities that are Federal Transit Administration grant recipients.

  • Approximately $13.2 million was given out in FY 2022.
  • This program will help support the FTA's mission of improving public transportation for America's communities by providing funding to local communities to integrate land use and transportation planning with a new fixed guideway or core capacity transit capital investment. Grants ma be used for site specific and comprehensive planning funded through the program. But, it must examine ways to improve economic development and ridership, foster multimodal connectivity and accessibility, improve transit access for pedestrian and bicycle traffic, engage the private sector, identify infrastructure needs, and enable mixed-use development near transit stations.

More information on the Pilot Program for Transit Oriented Development on the FTA Website.

Passenger Ferry Grant Program

IIJA provides $150 million in competitive grants to states, counties, cities, townships, special districts and tribal governments.

  • $36.5 million is given out in FY 2022.
  • This program will provide funds for projects that support passenger ferry systems in urbanized areas.

More information on the Passenger Ferry Grant Program on the FTA Website.

Enhanced Mobility of Seniors and Individuals with Disabilities

IIJA provides approximately $2.2 billion in formula grants to states, counties, cities/townships, special districts, tribes and nonprofits.

  • Approximately $49 million is given out in FY 2022.
  • These grants will provide financial assistance in meeting the transportation needs of seniors and individuals with disabilities where public transportation services are unavailable, insufficient, or inappropriate.

More information on the Enhanced Mobility of Seniors and Individuals with Disabilities grants on the DOT Website

Breakdown of apportionment for states and cities for the Passenger Ferry Grant Program.

Formula Grants for Rural Areas

IIJA provides approximately $4.1 billion in formula grants to states, counties, cities, townships, special districts, tribal governments, and other organizations.

  • Approximately $893.7 million is given out for FY 2022.
  • Approximately $586 million of the total available funding will be provided from the Growing States formula factors.
  • This program will provide funds to improve, initiate, or continue public transportation service in non-urbanized areas (rural areas and small cities under 50,000 in population) and to provide technical assistance for rural transportation providers.

More information for Formula Grants for Rural Areas on the FTA website.

Breakdown of apportionment for the Formula Grants for Rural Areas Program by state and territory. (Note: The apportionment for the Formula Grants for Rural Areas is under "Section 5311 and Section 5340 Apportionment").

Rural Transportation Assistance Program

IIJA provides approximately $91.6 million in formula grants to states.

  • Approximately $17.6 million is given out for FY 2022.
  • This program provides funding to states for transportation research, technical assistance, training, and related support services in rural areas.

More information for the Rural Transportation Assistance Program on FTA website.

Breakdown of apportionment for the Rural Transportation Assistance Program by state and territory. (Note: The apportionment for the Rural Transportation Assistance Program is under "Section 5311(b)(3) apportionment").

Appalachian Development Public Transportation Assistance Program

IIJA provides approximately $137.4 million in formula grants to states, counties, cities, townships, special districts, tribal governments and other nonprofit organizations.

  • Approximately $26.3 million is given out for FY 2022.
  • This program provides funding for states in the Appalachian region to support the provision of public transit services in rural areas.

Breakdown of apportionment for the Appalachian Development Public Transportation Assistance Program by state and territory. (Note: The apportionment for the Appalachian Development Public Transportation Assistance Program can be found under "Section 5311(c)(3) Appalachian Development Public Transportation Assistance Program").

State of Good Repair Grants

IIJA provides approximately $21.6 billion in formula grants to states, counties, cities, townships, special districts, and tribal governments.

  • Approximately $4.1 billion is given out for FY2022.
  • This program provides funding to assist in capital projects for existing fixed guideway systems (including rail, bus rapid transit, and passenger ferries) and high intensity motorbus systems (buses operating in high-occupancy vehicle lanes) to maintain public transportation systems in a state of good repair and to ensure public transportation operate safely, efficiently, reliably, and sustainably so that communities can offer balanced transportation choices that helps to improve mobility, reduce congestion, and encourage economic development.

More information on the State of Good Repair Grants on the FTA website.

Breakdown of apportionment for the State of Good Repair Grants by urbanized area. (Note: All values are listed in dollars).

Research, Development, Demonstration, and Deployment Project

IIJA provides approximately $132.2 million in competitive grants, cooperative agreements, and contracts to states, cities, townships, special districts, tribes, and other institutions.

  • This program provides funding to assist innovative projects and activities that advance and sustain, safe, efficient, equitable, climate-friendly public transportation.
  • Eligible research and demonstration under this program explore novel approaches to improve public transportation service - especially for transit-dependent individuals; advance vehicle and system technologies for safety, energy efficiency, and operational performance; use date for enhanced insights; and undertake other activities that help transit agencies meet equity, safety, climate change and transformation goals for a safer, environmentally cleaner, socially just and connected public transportation system.

Program details forthcoming

IIJA Funding for Airports and Federal Aviation Administration Facilities

The IIJA invests $25 billion to address repair and maintenance needs, reduce congestion and emissions, and modernize our National Aerospace System.

Program

IIJA Funding

(Generally funding is over 5 years but portions may still be subject to further appropriations)

Resource(s)

Airport Terminal Program

IIJA provides $5 billion ($1 billion for FY 2022) for this program through competitive grants. Eligible if the airport is operated within the National Air Transportation System. It provides grants for passenger terminal buildings, traffic control towers, and on-airport rail access projects. 

IIJA Funding for Ports and Waterways

The IIJA invests over $16.7 billion to improve infrastructure at coastal ports, inland ports and waterways, and land ports of entry along our border.

Program Name

IIJA Funding

(Generally funding is over 5 years but portions may still be subject to future appropriations)

Resource(s)

Port Infrastructure Development Program Grants

IIJA provides $2.25 billion for this program through competitive grants. $450 million is available for the FY of 2022. It provides grants for addressing sea-level rise, flooding, extreme weather events, earthquakes, and tsunami inundation. It also funds projects that reduce or eliminate pollutants and greenhouse gases in ports.

Construction of Ferry Boats and Ferry Terminal Facilities

IIJA provides $912 million in formula grants to states and eligible ferry operations.

  • The Federal Highway Administration requests $80 million for FY2022.
  • This program provides funding for ferry services that are important links in the network of Federal-aid highways, and in many cases, are the only reasonable form of transportation.

Details of the Federal Highway Administration funding request for FY2022. (Note: the details for the funding request can be found on page III-27).

IIJA Funding for Electric Vehicles, Buses, and Ferries

The IIJA includes a $7.5 billion investment in electric vehicle charging to help build out a national network of 500,000 electric vehicle chargers. In addition, there are investments from the IIJA for specific vehicles to transition to electric school buses, transit buses, and even passenger ferries to reduce emissions for their riders, including children and low-income families that bear the greatest burdens of pollution while trying to meet their mobility needs.

Program Name

IIJA Funding

(Generally, funding is over 5 years but portions may still be subject to future appropriations)

Resource(s)

Electric or Low-Emitting Ferry Program

IIJA provides $250 million in competitive grants to a variety of recipients.

  • $49 million is made available for FY2022.
  • An additional $250 million is subject to appropriation and can be made available in Division C of the IIJA for a total of $500 million over 5 years.
  • This program establishes an electric or low-emitting ferry pilot program that makes federal funding available to support the transition of passenger ferries to low or zero emission technologies.

More information on the Electric or Low-Emitting Ferry Program on FTA website.

IIJA Funding for Broadband Deployment and Access

The IIJA included a $65 billion investment to help close the digital divide and ensure access for all Americans to reliable, high speed, and affordable broadband. The additional funding builds off of investments in previous laws, including the American Rescue Plan (ARPA) and the Consolidated Appropriations Act of 2021. As a result of the additional funding, the National Telecommunications and Information Administration (NTIA) will implement several new programs. Click HERE for the Internet for All initiative that includes additional information on the new grant programs discussed below.

Program Name

IIJA Funding
(Generally funding is over 5 years but portions may still be subject to future appropriations)

Resource(s)

Broadband Equity, Access, and Deployment (BEAD) Program

IIJA Appropriates $42.45 billion for states, territories, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico to utilize for broadband deployment, mapping, and adoption projects.

  • While funding goes directly to states, it is intended to support planning efforts including building capacity in state broadband offices and outreach and coordination with local communities.
  • Each state, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico will receive an allocation
    of at least$100 million and the United States Virgin Islands, Guam, American Samoa,
    and the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands will each receive $25 million.

Enabling Middle Mile Broadband Infrastructure Program

Establishes and funds a $1 billion program for the construction, improvement or acquisition of middle mile infrastructure.

  • Eligible applicants include (among others) States, political subdivisions, public utility districts, and regional planning councils.
  • The purpose of the program is to expand and extend middle mile infrastructure to reduce the cost of
    connecting unserved and underserved areas to the internet backbone.

Digital Equity Act Programs

  • State Digital Equity Planning Grant Program: $60 million formula grant program for states and territories to develop digital equity plans.
  • State Digital Equity Capacity Grant Program: $1.44 billion formula grant program for states and territories distributed via annual grant programs over 5 years to implement digital equity projects and support the implementation of digital equity plans.
  • Digital Equity Competitive Grant Program: $1.25 billion discretionary grant program distributed via annual grant programs over 5 years to implement digital equity projects. Eligible applicants include (among others) specific types of political subdivision, agency, or instrumentality of a state.

Distance Learning, Telemedicine, and Broadband Program: Reconnect Program

IIJA will provide $1.93 billion in grants, direct loans, or a combination of the two to states, local governments, or any other related organization for the Reconnect Program.

  • The program receives funds to build infrastructure and install equipment that provides modern, reliable high-speed Internet service in rural America.
  • The program can be used to fund the costs of construction, improvement, or acquisition of facilities and equipment needed to provide broadband service capable of delivering 100 Mbps symmetrical service and the acquisition of an existing system not currently providing sufficient access to broadband service, under certain circumstances, and with restrictions.
  • Up to five percent of the award may be used for preapplication expenses.

More information on the Distance Learning, Telemedicine, and Broadband Program of the Reconnect Program (Note: Information can be found on page 13).

IIJA Funding for Water Infrastructure

The IIJA invests more than $50 billion through the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) drinking water, wastewater, and stormwater infrastructure programs.

Program Name

IIJA Funding
(Generally funding is over 5 years but portions may still be subject to future appropriations)

Resource(s)

Lead Service Line Replacement (through Drinking Water State Revolving Funds)

$15 billion (49 percent of funds will be provided to communities as grants or principal forgiveness loans; 51 percent of funds will be available to communities for low-interest loans)

EPA Drinking Water State Revolving Funds (DWSRF)

WIIN Grant: Small, Underserved, and Disadvantaged Communities Grant Program

$5 billion to address emerging contaminants in disadvantaged communities

EPA Small, Underserved, and Disadvantaged Communities Grants

Watershed Rehabilitation Program

IIJA provides $118 million in technical and financial assistance to local sponsors or legal subdivisions of state or tribal governments.

  • Eligible Sponsors: cities, counties, towns, conservation districts, or tribes.
  • This program provides planning, design, and construction for Department of Agriculture assisted dams to extend their service life and meet current safety requirements.
  • It also rehabilitates high hazard watershed dams previously installed under the four following authorities: PL 83-566, PL 78-534, RC&D, and Pilot Program.

More information on the Watershed Rehabilitation Program on the US Department of Agriculture website.

IIJA Funding for Resiliency

The IIJA makes our communities safer and our infrastructure more resilient to the impacts of climate change and cyber-attacks, with an investment of more than $50 billion to protect against droughts, heat, floods and wildfires, in addition to major investments in weatherization. The legislation is the largest investment in the resilience of physical and natural systems in American history.

Program Name

IIJA Funding

(Generally funding is over 5 years but portions may still be subject to future appropriations)

Resource(s)

State and Local Cybersecurity Grant Program

IIJA provides $1 billion administered through the Department of Homeland Security's Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency (CISA) for state and local governments to address cybersecurity risks and cybersecurity threats to information systems that they own or operate.

  • Program details forthcoming; applications will likely open during 3Q of 2022

Pollution Prevention Grant

IIJA provides $100 million in grants to states, state-sponsored institutions, tribes, and tribal institutions. This program will guarantee the delivery of technical assistance to businesses - including those communities with environmental justice concerns - to identify and adopt source reduction practices and technologies that benefit businesses, communities, and local economies. 

Carbon Reduction Program

IIJA provides approximately $6.42 billion in formula grants to states and the District of Columbia.

  • This program will provide grants to reduce transportation emissions or the development of carbon reduction strategies.
  • Eligible projects include the construction, planning, and design of trail facilities for pedestrians, bicyclists, and other non-motorized forms of transportation; public transportation projects; and congestion management technologies.

More information on the Carbon Reduction Program on the Federal Highway Administration website.

Watershed and Flood Prevention Operations

IIJA provides $500 million in technical and financial assistance to local sponsors or legal subdivisions of state or tribal governments.

  • Eligible sponsors: cities, counties, towns, conservation districts, and/or tribes.
  • This program provides planning, design, and construction of measures that address resource concerns in a watershed.
  • Eligible uses include flood prevention, watershed protection, public recreation, public fish and wildlife, agriculture water management, municipal and industrial water supply, or water quality management.

More information on the Watershed and Flood Prevention Operation program on the US Department of Agriculture website

Flood and Inundation Mapping and Forecasting, Water Modeling, and Precipitation Studies

IIJA provides $492 million through various funding mechanisms to states, counties, cities, townships, special districts, tribes, educational institutions, and nonprofits.

  • This program will allow the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) to transform water prediction by delivering operational, continental-scale coastal and inland flood models and mapping capabilities.
  • Mapping capabilities include flood forecasts and projections that will provide actionable decision support services equitably delivered to communities across the nation.
  • Eligible uses include coastal, inland flood, and inundation mapping and forecasting and next-generation water modeling activities - including modernized precipitation frequency and probable maximum studies.

Program details forthcoming

Department of Interior Wildfire Management - Preparedness

IIJA provides $245 million in direct federal spending, interagency agreements, cooperative agreements, cooperative agreements and/or grants, and possibly contacts.

  • This preparedness program funds a range of actions that helps the federal government prepare to respond to wildland fire.
  • These include hiring people, training them, tracking their qualifications, and planning our wildfire response ahead of time.
  • It also provides for the purchasing of equipment for early wildfire detection, real-time monitoring, and radios to support interoperability with agency partners; financial assistance to local communities to purchase slip-on tanks; and increases in firefighter pay and other firefighter workforce reforms.

Program details forthcoming

Emergency Preparedness Grants

IIJA provides approximately $234.1 million in states, counties, territories, tribes, cities, townships, non-profit businesses, emergency response organizations, and hazardous materials enforcement organizations.

The Hazardous Materials Grants Program is comprised of the following grants:

  • Hazardous Materials Emergency Program
  • Assistance for Local Emergency Response Training
  • Hazardous Materials Instructor Training
  • Supplemental Public Sector Training

Eligible uses include developing, improving, and carrying out emergency plans including ascertaining flow patterns of hazardous materials; deciding on the need for regional hazardous material emergency response teams; training public sector employees to respond to accidents and incidents involving hazardous materials; and training hazardous materials safety employees to become instructors to extend the reach of hazardous materials training.

Program details forthcoming