Infrastructure Investment and Jobs Act (IIJA) Implementation Resources

The Infrastructure Investment and Jobs Act (IIJA), aka Bipartisan Infrastructure Law (BIL), was signed into law by President Biden on November 15, 2021. The law authorizes $1.2 trillion for transportation and infrastructure spending with $550 billion of that figure going toward “new” investments and programs. Funding from the IIJA is expansive in its reach, addressing energy and power infrastructure, access to broadband internet, water infrastructure, and more. Some of the new programs funded by the bill could provide the resources needed to address a variety of infrastructure needs at the local level.

The GFOA Federal Liaison Center will monitor program implementation and update resources as needed in the sections below. PLEASE NOTE: The new programs are generally still at various stages of agency development; we will strive to post updates when available.

IIJA Highlights

This is a high level breakdown of where all of the money in IIJA will be directed. Most funding will be directed over a five year period. There are three types of funding: money that comes from the Highway Trust Fund, which essentially gives agencies to spend over the five years like real money; guaranteed appropriations, which are funds added by the IIJA that will either create new programs or bolster existing funding (no need for future action); and general funds that are authorized to be spent but require future action by the appropriations committees.
These are some key procurement considerations for IIJA funding.

Resources from the White House

Points to Consider in Preparation of Funding/Program Rollout

Although this is not an exhaustive list, here is a sample of various considerations local governments can think about as IIJA implementation gets underway.

  • Coordinate across departments internally and with metropolitan planning organizations (as appropriate)
  • Prioritize your community's capital needs and develop a project pipeline
  • Review the IIJA Guidebook to identify potential funding streams to focus on
  • Become familiar with your state's broadband agency and work with them to ensure your local community or region's needs are appropriately mapped and inventoried
  • Establish relationships with the regional offices for the federal agencies that are key to addressing your community's needs as they can help direct you to resources and provided technical assistance

Funding Opportunities Under IIJA - Notice of Funding Opportunity (NOFO) Tracker

The page aims to provide a sampling of the various programs/funding available under the law that may be of interest to states and local governments of all sizes. Additionally, we have created a separate Notice of Funding Opportunity (NOFO) tracker based on some of the programs highlighted below.

NOFOs are the formally issued announcement from a federal agency of the availability of federal or federal pass-through funding via one of its financial assistance programs.

Click HERE for GFOA's IIJA NOFO Tracker.

Buy America, Build America Act (BABA)

The Buy America, Build America Act is part of the Infrastructure and Investment Jobs Act (IIJA). The act aims to prioritize and incentivize the usage of goods, products, materials, and services made or provided for in the United States. Specifically for infrastructure, the Act will provide Federal financial assistance for any program that has infrastructure, even if infrastructure is not the primary purpose of the program. However, it must adhere to the following requirements:

  • All iron and steel used in infrastructure projects must be made in the United States throughout the entirety of the manufacturing process.
  • All manufactured products must be produced in the United States. All components of the manufactured product must be produced in the United States and be greater than 55 percent of the total cost of all components of the manufactured product.
  • All construction materials must be made in the United States throughout the entirety of the manufacturing process.

Link to initial guidance on the implementation of Buy America, Build America Act (BABA).

Justice40 Initiative

The Justice40 Initiative has made it a priority of the federal government t commit at least 40% of all federal funds from federal investments to disadvantaged communities that are marginalized, underserved, and overburdened with pollution. The categories of investment are: climate change, clean energy and energy efficiency, clean transit, affordable and sustainable housing, training and workforce development, remediation and reduction of legacy pollution, and the development of critical clean water and wastewater infrastructure. Covered federal investments include any grant or procurement spending, financing, staffing costs, direct spending, or benefits to individuals for a covered program in a Justice40 program.

The Climate and Economic Justice Screening Tool is a geospatial mapping tool to identify disadvantaged communities across all 50 states, the District of Columbia, and the U.S. territories that are marginalized, underserved, and overburdened by pollution. This tool can help promote the Justice40 program as it can help identify disadvantaged communities.

For more information on the Justice40 Initiative, click on the link here.

IIJA Funding for Roads, Bridges, and Railways

The Department of Transportation (USDOT) released state-by-state fact sheets to highlight how the funding could benefit based on the amount the state could expect to receive. You can click HERE to find your state's fact sheet.

Below are additional transportation-related programs that may be of interest for local governments.

Program Name

IIJA Funding
(Generally funding is over 5 years but portions may still be subject to future appropriations)

Resource(s)

National Highway Performance Program

IIJA provides $148 billion in formula grants to states and the District of Columbia.

  • The Federal Highway Administration has requested $24.2 billion in funds for FY2022.
  • $639 million is exempt from obligation limitations.
  • The program provides support for conditions and performance on highways and constructs new facilities.
  • It also provides support for activities to increase the resiliency of the National Highway System to mitigate the cost of damages from sea level rise, extreme weather events, flooding, wildfires, or other natural disasters.
  • Lastly, the program will also ensure that investments of federal-aid funds in highway construction are directed to support progress toward the achievement of performance targets established in a state's asset management plan for the National Highway System.

Notice of apportionment for FY2022 were sent out to state transportation agencies in December 2021.

Details of the Federal Highway Administration funding request for FY2022. (Note: the details for the funding request can be found on page III-20).

Surface Transportation Block Grant Program

IIJA provides $72 billion in formula grants to states and the District of Columbia.

  • The Federal Highway Administration has requested $12.1 billion in funds for FY2022.
  • The program promotes flexibility in state and local transportation decisions and provides flexible funding to best address state and local transportation needs.
  • It can be used on federal-aid highways, bridges for public roads, and transit capital projects.

Notice of apportionment for FY2022 were sent out to state transportation agencies in December 2021.

Details of the Federal Highway Administration funding request for FY2022. (Note: the details for the funding request can be found on page III-21).

Capital Investment Grants Program

IIJA guarantees $8 billion, and authorizes $15 billion more in future appropriations.

  • This grant program funds transit capital investments, including heavy rail, commuter rail, light rail, streetcars, and bus rapid transit.
  • Federal transit law requires transit agencies seeking Capital Investment Grants funding to complete a series of steps over several years.
  • The law also requires projects to be rated by Federal Transit Administration at various points in the process according to statutory criteria evaluating project justification and local financial commitment.

Rebuilding American Infrastructure with Sustainability and Equity (RAISE) Discretionary Grant program

IIJA increases funding for the program by $15 billion with half of that in guaranteed appropriations.

  • Recipients include states, the District of Columbia, any territories or possession of the United States, a unit of local government, public agencies, special purpose districts, or other related organizations
  • It is a competitive grant program which provides funding for road, rail, transit, and other surface transportation of local and/or regional significance.
  • Selection criteria includes safety, sustainability, equity, economic competitiveness, mobility, and community connectivity.

Infrastructure for Rebuilding America (INFRA) Grant Program

IIJA provides $10.9 billion over 5 years for competitive grants including highway or bridge projects to add capacity or improve mobility, intermodal or freight projects, and rail-highway grade crossing separation.

  • Approximately $1.55 billion will be given out for FY 2022. Maximum of 85% of the funding will go towards projects larger than $100 million and a minimum of 15% of the funding will go towards projects smaller than $100 million (12 states have a different, lower threshold for large vs. small between $56 million and $95 million instead of the $100 million threshold for the other states).
  • Eligible Applicants:
    o   A state, or group of states
    o   A metropolitan planning organization that serves more than 200,000 individuals (as stated by the Bureau of the Census)
    o   A unit of local government or a group or local governments
    o   A political subdivision of a state or local government
    o   A special purpose district or port authority with a transportation function, including a port authority.
    o   A Federal land management agency that applies jointly with a state or group of states.
    o   A tribal government or a group of tribal governments.
    o   A multistate corridor organization.
    o   A multistate or multijurisdictional group of entities described above.

National Infrastructure Project Assistance (also known as "Megaprojects" or "MEGA")

IIJA provides $5 billion in competitive grants for states, local governments, tribes, a unit of local government, a political subdivision of a state, a special purpose district, and other related organizations.

  • $1 billion will be given out for FY2022. 50% of the funding will be awarded to projects greater than $500 million and 50% will be awarded to projects between $100 million and $500 million.
  • This programs provides funding for megaprojects that will likely generate national, regional, economic, mobility, or safety benefits.
  • Eligible projects include a highway or bridge project, a freight intermodal or freight project that provides a public benefit, a railway-highway grade separation or elimination project, or an intercity passenger rail project.

Rural Surface Transportation Grant Program (Rural)

IIJA provides $1 billion in competitive grants to states, local governments, tribes, and regional transportation planning organizations.

  • The program will provide funds to improve and expand the surface transportation infrastructure in rural areas to increase connectivity, improve the safety and reliability of the movement of people and freight, and generate regional economic growth and improve quality of life.
  • $300 million will be given out in FY 2022. A minimum of 90% of all projects have a minimum $25 million rural grant award. There is no award minimum for the other 10%.

Safe Streets and Roads for All Grant Program

$5 billion in competitive grants to support local initiatives to prevent death and serious injury on roads and streets, commonly referred to as ‘‘Vision Zero’’ or ‘‘Toward Zero Deaths’’ initiatives.

  • An eligible project for funding from this program includes projects to develop a comprehensive safety action plan; to conduct planning, design, and development activities for projects and strategies identified in a comprehensive safety action plan; or to carry out projects and strategies identified in a comprehensive safety action plan.
  • Eligible recipients include metropolitan planning organizations, political subdivisions of a state, federally recognized tribal governments, or a multijurisdictional group of entities described here.

There are two types of grants:

  • An Action Plan Grant is given to recipients who have yet to create and develop an action plan for preventing death and serious injuries on roads.
  • An Implementation Grant is given to recipients who have already developed an action plan and are ready to implement their action plan.

Applications are due at 11:59 PM EST on September 15, 2022.

Railroad Crossing Elimination Grant Program

IIJA provides $3 billion ($600 million annually) in competitive grants for the mitigation or elimination of hazards at railway-highway crossings.

  • An additional $2.5 billion may be appropriated ($500 million annually).

Recipients:

•States, including the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, and other United States
territories and possessions.
•A political subdivision of a State.
•Federally recognized Indian Tribes.
•A unit of local government or a group of local governments.
•A public port authority.
•A metropolitan planning organization.
•A group of the entities described above.

Promoting Resilient Operations for Transformative, Efficient and Cost-Saving Transportation (PROTECT) Grants

IIJA provides $1.4 billion in competitive grants to states (or a political subdivision of a state), metropolitan organizations, local governments, special purpose districts, tribes, and federal land management agency (applying jointly with states).

  • PROTECT Grants will support planning, resilience improvements, community resilience and evacuation routes, and at-risk coastal infrastructure.
  • States may use PROTECT Formula Program funds to conduct resilience planning, strengthen and protect evacuation routes, and increase the resilience of surface transportation infrastructure from the impacts of sea level rise.
  • Highway, transit, and certain port projects are eligible.
  • Program details forthcoming, pending resolution of federal appropriations legislation

Bridge Formula Program

IIJA provides approximately $26.68 billion in formula grants to states, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico.

  • $5.5 billion will be set aside for the program for FY2022.
  • This program provides funding for bridge replacement, rehabilitation, preservation, protection, or construction projects on public roads.
  • This program includes three set-asides: 15 percent will be set-aside for use on off-system bridges, 3 percent will be set-aside for use on Tribal Transportation Facility bridges, and 0.5 percent will be set-aside for administrative expenses of the Federal Highway Administration.

Revised notice of apportionment for FY2022.

Bridge Formula Program Fact Sheet on the Federal Highway Administration website.

Reconnecting Communities Pilot Program

IIJA provides $500 million over 5 years for:

  • Planning grants to carry out feasibility studies on the impact of removing or mitigating physical infrastructure barriers, including within communities, to improve accessibility and facilitate economic development at an 80 percent federal share ($150 million); and
  • Capital construction grants to owners of eligible facilities including at-grade crossings, limited access highways, and other principal arterial facilities acting as a barrier. Facility owners may partner with a local government to carry out eligible projects.
  • Grants greater than or equal to $5 million are for capital construction projects, including the removal and replacement of eligible facilities. Planning grants will be given out at less than or equal to $2 million.

More information on the Reconnecting Communities Pilot Program on the DOT website

Congestion Mitigation & Air Quality Improvement Program

IIJA provides approximately $13.2 billion in formula grants to states and the District of Columbia.

  • The Federal Highway Administration has requested $2.5 billion in funds for FY2022.
  • The program provides flexible funding to state and local governments for transportation projects and programs to help meet the requirements of the Clean Air Act.
  • It also provides funding to reduce congestion and improve air quality for areas that do not meet the National Ambient Air Quality for ozone, carbon monoxide, or particulate matter.
  • Eligible uses include transportation projects that reduce congestion and reduce the mobile source emissions for which an area has been designated non-attainment or maintenance for ozone, carbon monoxide, and particulate matter by the Environmental Protection Agency.

Notice of apportionment for FY2022 were sent out to state transportation agencies in December 2021.

Details of the Federal Highway Administration funding request for FY2022. (Note: the details for the funding request can be found on page III-29).

National Highway Freight Program

IIJA provides $7.15 billion in formula grants for states and the District of Columbia.

  • The Federal Highway Administration has requested $1.5 billion in funds for FY2022.
  • The program provides funds to improve the efficient movement of freight on the National Highway Freight Network.
  • Projects that contribute to the efficient movement of freight on the National Highway Freight Network and are identified in a freight investment plan included in the State's freight plan are eligible for funding.
  • A State may not use more than 30 percent of its total National Highway Freight Program funds each year for freight intermodal or freight rail projects, subject to certain restrictions.

Notice of apportionment for FY2022 were sent out to state transportation agencies in December 2021.

Details of the Federal Highway Administration funding request for FY2022. (Note: the details for the funding request can be found on page III-21).

Metropolitan Planning Program

IIJA provides $2.28 billion in formula grants to metropolitan planning organizations.

  • The Federal Highway Administration has requested $357.9 million in funds for FY2022.
  • The IIJA continues this program, which provides funds for a cooperative, continuous, and comprehensive framework for making transportation investment decisions in metropolitan areas.
  • Metropolitan planning activities include the collection and analysis of data on demographics, trends, and system performance; travel demand and system performance forecasting; identification and prioritization of transportation system improvement needs; and coordination of the planning process and decision-making with the public, elected officials, and stakeholder groups.

Notice of apportionment for FY2022 were sent out to state transportation agencies in December 2021.

Details of the Federal Highway Administration funding request for FY2022. (Note: the details for the funding request can be found on page III-28).

Appalachian Development Highway System Grants

IIJA provides $1.25 billion in formula grants to states in the Appalachian region.

  • $250 million will be set aside for FY2022 for the construction of the Appalachian Development Highway System
  • This program will provide funds for the construction of the Appalachian Development Highway System.

Apportionment for FY of 2022 were sent out to individual state's transportation departments in January 2022. A notice for apportionment of the funds can be found here.

Highway Safety Improvement Program

IIJA provides approximately $15.6 billion in formula grants to states and the District of Columbia.

  • The Federal Highway Administration has requested $2.7 billion for FY2022.
  • The program provides states with critical safety funding that is used to save lives and prevent serious injuries on all public roads.
  • It is also based on a performance-driven process that identifies and analyzes highway safety programs and advances highway safety improvement projects that have the greatest potential to reduce fatalities and serious injuries.

Notice of apportionment for FY2022 were sent out to state transportation agencies in December 2021.

Details of the Federal Highway Administration funding request for FY2022. (Note: the details for the funding request can be found on page III-17).

Transportation Infrastructure Finance and Innovation Act Program

IIJA provides $1.25 billion in loans to states, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, localities, or other public authorities.

  • The Federal Highway Administration has requested $300 million for FY2022.
  • The act will have a total of $75 billion in lending capacity under the IIJA.
  • The program will provide Federal credit assistance to eligible surface transportation projects.
  • Eligible projects include highways, transit, intercity passenger rail, some type of freight rail, intermodal freight transfer facilities, and some modifications including a port terminal, and electrification of buses, ferries, trains, and associated infrastructure.

More information on the Transportation Infrastructure Finance and Innovation Act program.

Details of the Federal Highway Administration funding request for FY2022. (Note: the details for the funding request can be found on page III-26).

Highway Use Tax Evasion Projects

IIJA provides $20 million in competitive grants and allocations to states and the IRS.

  • The Federal Highway Administration requests $4 million for FY 2022.
  • This program provides funding to states and the IRS to carry out intergovernmental enforcement efforts, along with training and research, to reduce evasion of payment of motor fuel and other highway use taxes, which are the principal sources for Federal and State highway funding.

Details of the Federal Highway Administration funding request for FY2022. (Note: the details for the funding request can be found on page III-27).

On-the-Job Training Supportive Services Program

IIJA provides $50 million of competitive grants and allocation to states.

  • The Federal Highway Administration requests $10 million for FY2022.
  • This program will help develop the capacity of the Nation's current and future highway construction industry workforce by providing the development and diversity of skilled labor to move minorities, women, and disadvantaged individuals into journey-level positions.

More information on the On-the-Job Training Supportive Services Program.

Details of the Federal Highway Administration funding request for FY2022. (Note: the details for the funding request can be found on page III-31).

Disadvantaged Business Enterprises

IIJA provides $50 million of competitive grants, contracts, and allocations to states.

  • The Federal Highway Administration requests $10 million for FY2022.
  • This program will provide funds to assist small and disadvantaged firms with building capacity and improving their ability to compete for Federal-aid highway contracts.

More information on the Disadvantaged Business Enterprise Program.

Details of the Federal Highway Administration funding request for FY2022. (Note: the details for the funding request can be found on page III-32).

Railway-Highway Crossing Program

IIJA provides approximately $1.23 billion in formula grants to states and the District of Columbia.

  • The program supports projects with the goal of reducing the number of fatalities, injuries, and crashes at public railway-highway grade crossings.

More information on the Railway-Highway Crossing Program on the DOT website.

Bridge Investment Program

IIJA provides $12.2 billion in competitive grants to states, metropolitan planning organizations with more than 20,000 members, local governments, special purpose districts, and tribal governments.

  • The program will support projects to improve bridge and culvert condition, safety, efficiency, and reliability.

Eligible uses include:

  • Projects to replace, rehabilitate, preserve or protect one or more bridges on the National Bridge Inventory.
  • Projects to replace or rehabilitate culverts to improve flood control and improve habitat connectivity for aquatic species.

Large Bridge Projects that receive a BIP award of not less than $100 million are eligible for multi-year grants, in which DOT can award available funds to a project over the course of several years in accordance with an agreement and in alignment with its schedule.

In selecting Bridge Projects and Large Bridge Projects, FHWA will consider the extent to which BIP funds leverage non-Federal contributions from sponsors and stakeholders involved in the planning, design, and construction of eligible projects.

More information on IIJA Bridge Investment on the DOT website.

The NOFO for this program has been released. Check out the NOFO tracker for more information and the NOFO.

Highway Safety Research & Development

IIJA provides $970 million in grants, cooperative agreements, and contracts to states, counties, cities, townships, special districts, tribes, educational institutions, nonprofits, businesses, and/or individuals.

This program funds research and development activities for:

  • highway and traffic safety systems
  • human behavioral factors and their effect on highway and traffic safety
  • evaluation of the effectiveness of countermeasures to increase highway and traffic safety
  • development of technologies to detect drug impaired drivers
  • driver education programs and other research and development programs

Program details forthcoming

Vehicle Safety and Behavioral Research

IIJA provides $548.5 million in grants, cooperative agreements, or contracts to states, counties, cities, townships, special districts, tribal governments, educational institutions, nonprofits, businesses, and/or individuals.

This program provides supplemental funding to accelerate vehicle and behavioral safety research.

Program details forthcoming

National Culvert Removal, Replacement, & Removal Grant

IIJA provides $1 billion in competitive grants to states, units of local governments, or tribes.

  • The program provides supplemental funding for projects that replace, remove, and/or repair culverts or weirs.
  • Eligible projects include projects that would meaningfully improve or restore fish passage for anadromous fish, improve or restore infrastructure to facilitate fish passage around or over the weir, and weir improvements.

The NOFO for this program will come out in Summer 2022.

Advanced Transportation Technologies & Innovative Mobility Development

IIJA provides $900 million in competitive grants, cooperative agreements, and other contracts to state or local governments, transit agencies, metropolitan planing organizations or a multi-jurisdictional group or academic institutions.

  • This program will make funds available to deploy, install, and operate advanced transportation technologies.
  • Eligible uses are for projects that improve safety, mobility, efficiency, system performance, intermodal connectivity, and infrastructure return on investment.

Program details forthcoming

Nationally Significant Federal Lands and Tribal Projects

IIJA provides $275 million in competitive grants to any entity eligible to receive funding under the Tribal Transportation Program, Federal Lands Transportation Program, or Federal Lands Access Program. In addition, a state, county, or local government may apply if sponsored by an eligible Federal land management agency or Indian tribe.

  • The program provides funding for the construction, reconstruction, and rehabilitation of nationally-significant of Federal lands transportation projects and Tribal transportation projects.
  • Eligible projects are projects that are on a Federal lands transportation facility, a Federal lands access facility, or a Tribal transportation facility.

More information on Nationally Significant Federal Lands and Tribal Projects on the Federal Highway Administration website.

The NOFO for this program is scheduled to come out in June for this program.

Federal-State Partnership for Intercity Passenger Rail Grants

IIJA provides $36 billion in competitive grants ($7.2 billion annually) to fund capital projects that reduce the state of good repair backlog, improve performance, or expand or establish new intercity passenger rail service, including privately operated intercity passenger rail service if an eligible applicant is involved.

  • An additional $7.5 billion may be appropriated ($1.5 billion annually).

Potential recipients include:

•States, including the District of Columbia.
•A group of States.
•An Interstate Compact.
•A public agency or publicly chartered authority established by 1 or more States.
•A political subdivision of a State.
•Amtrak, acting on its own behalf or under a cooperative agreement with 1 or
more States.
•Federally recognized Indian Tribe.
•Any combination of the entities above.

The NOFO for the National federal-state partnership grant will be released October 2022.

The NOFO for the Northeast Corridor federal-state partnership grant will be released December 2022.

Consolidated Rail Infrastructure and Safety Improvement Grants

IIJA provides $5 billion ($1 billion annually) in competitive grants to fund projects that improve the safety, efficiency, and reliability of intercity passenger and freight rail.

  • An additional $5 billion may be appropriated ($1 billion annually).

Potential recipients include:

•States, including the District of Columbia.
•A group of States.
•An Interstate Compact.
•A public agency or publicly chartered authority established by 1 or more States.
•A political subdivision of a State.
•Amtrak and other rail carriers providing intercity rail passenger transportation.
•Class II/III Railroads and associations that represent Class II/III Railroads.
•Rail carriers & equipment manufacturers, in partnership with at least 1 of the
first 5 entities above.
•Federally recognized Indian Tribes.
•Transportation Research Board.
•University Transportation Centers engaged in rail-related research.
•Non-profit labor organizations representing rail employees.

Eligible projects include a wide range of freight and passenger rail capital, safety technology deployment, planning, environmental analyses, research, workforce development, and training projects.

The NOFO for this program will come out in August 2022.

Restoration & Enhancement Grant Program

IIJA provides $250 million in competitive grants ($50 million annually from Amtrak National Network Fund) to provide operating assistance to initiate, restore, or enhance intercity passenger rail service.

  • An additional $250 million may be appropriated ($50 million annually).

Potential recipients include:

•States, including the District of Columbia.
•An entity implementing an interstate compact. A public agency/publicly
chartered authority established by 1 or more States.
•A political subdivision of a State.
•Federally recognized Indian Tribes.
•Amtrak & Other Intercity Passenger Rail Carriers.
•Rail Carriers in partnership with at least 1 of the entities described above.

Eligible uses include:

(1) establishing new services;
(2) additional frequencies;
(3) service extensions;
(4) offering new on-board services.

More information on the Restoration & Enhancement Grant Program funding from prior years on the Federal Railroad Administration website.

Rail Vehicle Replacement Grants

IIJA provides $1.5 billion in competitive grants to state and local government authorities. $300 million will be provided for FY2022.

This program provides funding for capital projects for the replacement of rail rolling stock. Not more than three new competitive awards to eligible projects may be announced each fiscal year. FTA may select projects for multi-year awards.

The NOFO for this program will come out in July 2022.

Interstate Rail Compacts Grant Program

IIJA provides $15 million ($3 million annually) in competitive grants for interstate rail compacts' administrative costs and to conduct railroad systems planning, promotion of intercity passenger rail operations, and the preparation of grant applications.

  • An additional $15 million may be appropriated ($3 million annually).
  • Recipients include entities implementing interstate rail compacts.

Program details forthcoming

IIJA Funding for Public Transportation

The IIJA invests $91.2 billion to repair and modernize transit. The legislation supports expanded public transportation choices nationwide, replacing thousands of deficient transit vehicles, including buses, with clean, zero emission vehicles, and improving accessibility for the elderly and people with disabilities.

Link to Public Transportation Agency Safety Plan FAQs for New Bipartisan Infrastructure Law Requirements.

Program

IIJA Funding

(Generally funding is over 5 years but portions may still be subject to further appropriations)

Resource(s)

Low or No Emission Bus Grants

IIJA provides approximately $5.62 billion of competitive grants. $1.1 billion is available for FY of 2022. Funding is available for states, counties, cities/townships to help transit agencies purchase or lease low or no-emission buses.

Bus and Bus Facilities Competitive Grants

IIJA provides approximately $1.97 billion of competitive grants for bus and bus facilities. $372 million is available for FY of 2022. Funding is available for states, counties, and cities/townships to replace, rehabilitate, purchase, or lease buses, bus-related equipment, and bus-related facilities.

Bus and Bus Facilities Formula Grants

IIJA provides approximately $1.97 billion of competitive grants for bus and bus facilities. $372 million is available for FY of 2022. Funding is available for states, counties, and cities/townships to replace, rehabilitate, purchase, or lease buses, bus-related equipment, and bus-related facilities.

Urbanized Area Formula Grants

IIJA provides approximately $33.4 billion in formula grants to states, counties, cities/townships, special districts, and tribes.

  • Approximately $3.3 billion will also be provided from the Growing States and High-Density states formula factors. (total funding).
  • Approximately $6.9 billion was made available for FY 2022.
  • This program makes federal resources available to urbanized areas and to governors for transit capital and operating assistance in urbanized areas and for transportation-related planning. 

More information on the Urbanized Area Formula Grants on the FTA website.

Breakdown of apportionment for states and local areas.

Breakdown of apportionment by public transportation system operator.

Metropolitan Transportation Planning Program

IIJA provides approximately $799.4 million in formula grants to states and metropolitan planning organizations.

  • Approximately $152.2 million is given out for the FY 2022.
  • This program will provide funding for work elements that result in a balance and comprehensive intermodal transportation planning for the movement of people and goods in the metropolitan area.

Breakdown of apportionment for each state for the Metropolitan Transportation Planning Program. (Note: The column under Section 5305(d) is the apportionment for this program).

Statewide Transportation Planning Program

IIJA provides approximately $167 million in formula grants to states and metropolitan planning organizations.

  • Approximately $32 million was given out in FY 2022.
  • The funding for this program can be used for comprehensive planning, engineering, design, and evaluation of public transportation projects and studies involving modes other than transit when performed as part of the metropolitan transportation planning process.

Breakdown of apportionment for each state for the Statewide Transportation Planning Program. (Note: The column under Section 5303(e) is the apportionment for this program).

Pilot Program for Transit Oriented Development

IIJA provides approximately $68.9 million in competitive grants to state or local government authorities that are Federal Transit Administration grant recipients.

  • Approximately $13.2 million was given out in FY 2022.
  • This program will help support the FTA's mission of improving public transportation for America's communities by providing funding to local communities to integrate land use and transportation planning with a new fixed guideway or core capacity transit capital investment. Grants ma be used for site specific and comprehensive planning funded through the program. But, it must examine ways to improve economic development and ridership, foster multimodal connectivity and accessibility, improve transit access for pedestrian and bicycle traffic, engage the private sector, identify infrastructure needs, and enable mixed-use development near transit stations.

More information on the Pilot Program for Transit Oriented Development on the FTA Website.

Passenger Ferry Grant Program

IIJA provides $150 million in competitive grants to states, counties, cities, townships, special districts and tribal governments.

  • $36.5 million is given out in FY 2022.
  • This program will provide funds for projects that support passenger ferry systems in urbanized areas.

More information on the Passenger Ferry Grant Program on the FTA Website.

The NOFO for this program will come out in June 2022.

Ferry Service for Rural Communities Program

IIJA provides $2 billion in grants to states.

  • The Ferry Service for Rural Communities Program makes federal resources available to states to ensure basic essential ferry service is provided to rural areas.
  • These funds are limited to ferry services that operated a regular service at any time during the five-year period ending Marching 1, 2020 and that served no less than two rural areas located more than 50 nautical miles apart.

Fact Sheet for this program on the Federal Transit Administration website.

The NOFO for this program will come out in June 2022.

Enhanced Mobility of Seniors and Individuals with Disabilities

IIJA provides approximately $2.2 billion in formula grants to states, counties, cities/townships, special districts, tribes and nonprofits.

  • Approximately $49 million is given out in FY 2022.
  • These grants will provide financial assistance in meeting the transportation needs of seniors and individuals with disabilities where public transportation services are unavailable, insufficient, or inappropriate.

More information on the Enhanced Mobility of Seniors and Individuals with Disabilities grants on the DOT Website

Breakdown of apportionment for states and cities for the Passenger Ferry Grant Program.

Formula Grants for Rural Areas

IIJA provides approximately $4.1 billion in formula grants to states, counties, cities, townships, special districts, tribal governments, and other organizations.

  • Approximately $893.7 million is given out for FY 2022.
  • Approximately $586 million of the total available funding will be provided from the Growing States formula factors.
  • This program will provide funds to improve, initiate, or continue public transportation service in non-urbanized areas (rural areas and small cities under 50,000 in population) and to provide technical assistance for rural transportation providers.

More information for Formula Grants for Rural Areas on the FTA website.

Breakdown of apportionment for the Formula Grants for Rural Areas Program by state and territory. (Note: The apportionment for the Formula Grants for Rural Areas is under "Section 5311 and Section 5340 Apportionment").

Rural Transportation Assistance Program

IIJA provides approximately $91.6 million in formula grants to states.

  • Approximately $17.6 million is given out for FY 2022.
  • This program provides funding to states for transportation research, technical assistance, training, and related support services in rural areas.

More information for the Rural Transportation Assistance Program on FTA website.

Breakdown of apportionment for the Rural Transportation Assistance Program by state and territory. (Note: The apportionment for the Rural Transportation Assistance Program is under "Section 5311(b)(3) apportionment").

Appalachian Development Public Transportation Assistance Program

IIJA provides approximately $137.4 million in formula grants to states, counties, cities, townships, special districts, tribal governments and other nonprofit organizations.

  • Approximately $26.3 million is given out for FY 2022.
  • This program provides funding for states in the Appalachian region to support the provision of public transit services in rural areas.

Breakdown of apportionment for the Appalachian Development Public Transportation Assistance Program by state and territory. (Note: The apportionment for the Appalachian Development Public Transportation Assistance Program can be found under "Section 5311(c)(3) Appalachian Development Public Transportation Assistance Program").

State of Good Repair Grants

IIJA provides approximately $21.6 billion in formula grants to states, counties, cities, townships, special districts, and tribal governments.

  • Approximately $4.1 billion is given out for FY2022.
  • This program provides funding to assist in capital projects for existing fixed guideway systems (including rail, bus rapid transit, and passenger ferries) and high intensity motorbus systems (buses operating in high-occupancy vehicle lanes) to maintain public transportation systems in a state of good repair and to ensure public transportation operate safely, efficiently, reliably, and sustainably so that communities can offer balanced transportation choices that helps to improve mobility, reduce congestion, and encourage economic development.

More information on the State of Good Repair Grants on the FTA website.

Breakdown of apportionment for the State of Good Repair Grants by urbanized area. (Note: All values are listed in dollars).

Research, Development, Demonstration, and Deployment Project

IIJA provides approximately $132.2 million in competitive grants, cooperative agreements, and contracts to states, cities, townships, special districts, tribes, and other institutions.

  • This program provides funding to assist innovative projects and activities that advance and sustain, safe, efficient, equitable, climate-friendly public transportation.
  • Eligible research and demonstration under this program explore novel approaches to improve public transportation service - especially for transit-dependent individuals; advance vehicle and system technologies for safety, energy efficiency, and operational performance; use date for enhanced insights; and undertake other activities that help transit agencies meet equity, safety, climate change and transformation goals for a safer, environmentally cleaner, socially just and connected public transportation system.

Program details forthcoming

Congestion Relief Program

IIJA provides $250 million in competitive grants to states, metropolitan planning organizations, cities, or municipalities.

  • This program will advance innovative, integrated, and multimodal solutions to reduce congestion and the related economic and environmental costs in the most congested metropolitan areas with an urbanized area population of 1 million+.

Eligible uses include:

  • Deployment and operation of integrated congestion management systems, systems that implement or enforce high occupancy vehicle toll lanes or pricing strategies, or mobility services
  • Incentive programs that encourage carpooling, non-highway travel during peak periods, or travel during non-peak periods.
  • Subject to certain requirements and approval by the Secretary, provides for tolling on the Interstate System as part of a project carried out with a grant under the program.

Program details forthcoming

Strengthening Mobility and Revolutionizing Transportation (SMART) Grants

IIJA provides $500 million in competitive grants to states, political subdivisions of a state, tribal governments, public transit agencies or authorities, public toll authorities, metropolitan planning organizations, or a group of 2 or more eligible entities described before.

The program provides supplemental funding grants to rural, mid-sized, and large communities to conduct demonstration projects focused on advanced smart city or community technologies and systems in a variety of communities to improve transportation safety and efficiency.

In general, a Strengthening Mobility and Revolutionizing Transportation grant may be
used to carry out a project that demonstrates at least one of the following:
(i)Coordinate Automation
(ii)Connected Vehicles
(iii)Intelligent, sensor-based infrastructure
(iv)Systems integration
(v)Commerce delivery and logistics
(vi)Leveraging use of innovative aviation technology
(vii)Smart grid
(viii)Smart technology traffic signals.

NOFO for FY 2022 will be released in September 2022.

Crash Data Program

IIJA provides $750 million in competitive grants and contracts to states, territories, and the Secretary of Interior (for Indian tribes).

Funding will be used to improve crash data collection and analysis:

  • To revise non-motorist data collection to distinguish individual personal conveyances like electric scooters and bicycles
  • Update the Model Minimum Uniform Crash Criteria
  • Collect additional data elements related to vulnerable road users
  • Coordinate with Centers for Disease Control and Prevention on national database of ped injuries & fatalities
  • Increase participation in Electronic Data Transfer protocol via new State grant program and internal investment
  • Expand the Crash Investigation Sampling System by adding sites, broadening scope, and adopting on-scene investigation protocol

Program details forthcoming

All Stations Accessibility Program

IIJA provides $1.75 billion in grants to state and local government authorities.

This program provides capital funding to upgrade the accessibility of legacy rail fixed guideway public transportation systems for people with disabilities, including those who use wheelchairs.

Fact sheet about this program on the Federal Transit Administration website.

The NOFO for this program will come out in July 2022.

High Priority Activities Program

IIJA provides $432.5 million in grants and cooperative agreements to states, local governments, tribes, any other political jurisdictions as necessary, and any person.

  • The High Priority Activities grant program is a discretionary (competitive) grant program designed to provide Federal financial assistance to enhance states’ commercial vehicle safety plan activities, including commercial vehicle inspections, traffic enforcement, and outreach while supporting innovative technology development and/or new project(s) not included in the commercial vehicle safety plan that will have a positive impact on commercial vehicle safety.

Program details forthcoming

Wildlife Crossings Pilot Program

IIJA provides $350 million in grants (over five years) to state highway agencies, metropolitan planning organizations, local governments, regional transportation authority, special purpose districts or public authorities with a transportation function, tribes, and Federal land management agencies.

The Wildlife Crossings Pilot Program will support projects that seek to reduce the number of wildlife-vehicle collisions, and in carrying out that purpose, improve habitat connectivity.

More information on the Wildlife Crossings Pilot Program

Commercial Driver's License Implementation Program

IIJA provides $297.5 million in grant and cooperative agreements to state agencies, local governments, and any person.

The discretionary grant seeks to improve highway safety by supporting Commercial Driver's License Programs on a State and National level.

The funding assists grant partners in achieving compliance with the commercial driver's license regulations in 49 CFR Parts 383 and 384 by providing funding directly to states and other entities capable of executing national projects to aid states in their compliance efforts.

Grant proposals and award funding will be reviewed and evaluated in July 2022.

IIJA Funding for Airports and Federal Aviation Administration Facilities

The IIJA invests $25 billion to address repair and maintenance needs, reduce congestion and emissions, and modernize our National Aerospace System.

Program

IIJA Funding

(Generally funding is over 5 years but portions may still be subject to further appropriations)

Resource(s)

Airport Terminal Program

IIJA provides $5 billion ($1 billion for FY 2022) for this program through competitive grants. Eligible if the airport is operated within the National Air Transportation System. It provides grants for passenger terminal buildings, traffic control towers, and on-airport rail access projects. 

IIJA Funding for Ports and Waterways

The IIJA invests over $16.7 billion to improve infrastructure at coastal ports, inland ports and waterways, and land ports of entry along our border.

Program Name

IIJA Funding

(Generally funding is over 5 years but portions may still be subject to future appropriations)

Resource(s)

Port Infrastructure Development Program Grants

IIJA provides $2.25 billion for this program through competitive grants. $450 million is available for the FY of 2022. It provides grants for addressing sea-level rise, flooding, extreme weather events, earthquakes, and tsunami inundation. It also funds projects that reduce or eliminate pollutants and greenhouse gases in ports.

Construction of Ferry Boats and Ferry Terminal Facilities

IIJA provides $912 million in formula grants to states and eligible ferry operations.

  • The Federal Highway Administration requests $80 million for FY2022.
  • This program provides funding for ferry services that are important links in the network of Federal-aid highways, and in many cases, are the only reasonable form of transportation.

Details of the Federal Highway Administration funding request for FY2022. (Note: the details for the funding request can be found on page III-27).

Reduction of Truck Emissions at Port Facilities

IIJA provides $400 million in competitive grants.

This program will study and award competitive grants to reduce truck idling and emissions at ports, including through the advancement of port electrification.

Competitive grants are intended to test, evaluate, and deploy projects that reduce port-related emissions.

Program details forthcoming

IIJA Funding for Electric Vehicles, Buses, and Ferries

The IIJA includes a $7.5 billion investment in electric vehicle charging to help build out a national network of 500,000 electric vehicle chargers. In addition, there are investments from the IIJA for specific vehicles to transition to electric school buses, transit buses, and even passenger ferries to reduce emissions for their riders, including children and low-income families that bear the greatest burdens of pollution while trying to meet their mobility needs.

Program Name

IIJA Funding

(Generally, funding is over 5 years but portions may still be subject to future appropriations)

Resource(s)

Electric or Low-Emitting Ferry Program

IIJA provides $250 million in competitive grants to a variety of recipients.

  • $49 million is made available for FY2022.
  • An additional $250 million is subject to appropriation and can be made available in Division C of the IIJA for a total of $500 million over 5 years.
  • This program establishes an electric or low-emitting ferry pilot program that makes federal funding available to support the transition of passenger ferries to low or zero emission technologies.

More information on the Electric or Low-Emitting Ferry Program on FTA website.

Charging and Fueling Infrastructure Grants

IIJA provides $2.5 billion in competitive grants to states, political subdivision of states, metropolitan planning organizations, local governments, special purpose districts, public authorities with a transportation function, tribes, or territories.

  • Program funds will be made available each fiscal year for Community Grants, to install electric vehicle charging and alternative fuel in locations on public roads, schools, parks, and in publicly accessible parking facilities.
  • It also uses funds to deploy electric vehicle charging and hydrogen/propane/natural gas fueling infrastructure along designated alternative fuel corridors and in communities.
  • These grants will be prioritized for rural areas, low-and moderate-income neighborhoods, and communities with low ratios of private parking, or high ratios of multi-unit dwellings.
  • Eligible uses of funds include the acquisition and installation of publicly accessible electric vehicle charging or alternative fueling infrastructure, operating assistance (for the first 5 years after installation), acquisition and installation of traffic control devices.

Program details forthcoming

Clean School Bus Program

IIJA provides $5 billion in grants and rebates to state or local governments, eligible contractors, and nonprofit school transportation associations.

  • Fifty percent of the funds are authorized for zero-emission school buses and fifty percent of the funds are authorized for alternative fuels and zero-emission school buses.
  • Funds may be prioritized for rural or low-income communities and entities that have matching funds available.
  • The Environmental Protection Agency Administrator is authorized to provide funds to cover up to 100 percent of the costs for the replacement of the bus.

The Clean School Bus Rebate Application is now open. Click the link for more the application and more information on the rebate program. It is due on August 19, 2022.

IIJA Funding for Broadband Deployment and Access

The IIJA included a $65 billion investment to help close the digital divide and ensure access for all Americans to reliable, high speed, and affordable broadband. The additional funding builds off of investments in previous laws, including the American Rescue Plan (ARPA) and the Consolidated Appropriations Act of 2021. As a result of the additional funding, the National Telecommunications and Information Administration (NTIA) will implement several new programs. Click HERE for the Internet for All initiative that includes additional information on the new grant programs discussed below.

Program Name

IIJA Funding
(Generally funding is over 5 years but portions may still be subject to future appropriations)

Resource(s)

Broadband Equity, Access, and Deployment (BEAD) Program

IIJA Appropriates $42.45 billion for states, territories, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico to utilize for broadband deployment, mapping, and adoption projects.

  • This is a program to get all Americans online by funding partnerships between states or territories, communities, and stakeholders, to build infrastructure where we need it to and increase adoption of high-speed internet.
  • While funding goes directly to states, it is intended to support planning efforts including building capacity in state broadband offices and outreach and coordination with local communities.
  • Each state, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico will receive an allocation
    of at least$100 million and the United States Virgin Islands, Guam, American Samoa,
    and the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands will each receive $25 million.
  • Example eligible uses of funds include:
    o   Planning for deployment of internet
    o   Deploying or upgrading internet
    o   Installing internet in multi-tenant buildings
    o   Implementing adoption and digital equity problems
    o   Workforce and job training

Applications are due at 11:59 PM EST on July 18, 2022.

Enabling Middle Mile Broadband Infrastructure Program

Establishes and funds a $1 billion program for the construction, improvement or acquisition of middle mile infrastructure.

  • Eligible applicants include (among others) States, political subdivisions, public utility districts, and regional planning councils.
  • The purpose of the program is to expand and extend middle mile infrastructure to reduce the cost of
    connecting unserved and underserved areas to the internet backbone.
  • Middle mile infrastructure refers to the mid-section of Internet infrastructure that carries large amounts of data at high speeds over long distances and connects the “backbone” of internet infrastructure to the “last mile”, which connects to end users.
  • Example uses of funds include:
    o   Construction, improvement, or acquisition of facilities and equipment
    o   Engineering design, permitting, and work related projects
    o   Personnel costs, including salaries and benefits
    o   Other costs necessary to program’s activities

Applications are due at 11:59 PM EST on September 30, 2022.

Digital Equity Act Programs

  • There are three programs that provide funding to promote digital inclusion and advance equity for all.
  • They aim to ensure that all communities can access and use affordable, reliable, high-speed internet to meet their needs and improve their lives.
  • State Digital Equity Planning Grant Program: $60 million formula grant program for states and territories to develop digital equity plans.
  • State Digital Equity Capacity Grant Program: $1.44 billion formula grant program for states and territories distributed via annual grant programs over 5 years to implement digital equity projects and support the implementation of digital equity plans.
  • Digital Equity Competitive Grant Program: $1.25 billion discretionary grant program distributed via annual grant programs over 5 years to implement digital equity projects. Eligible applicants include (among others) specific types of political subdivision, agency, or instrumentality of a state.
  • Example eligible uses of funds include:
    o   Developing digital equity plans; states must develop a plan to be eligible for state capacity grants
    o   Making awards to other entities to help make digital equity plans
    o   Improving accessibility and inclusivity of public resources
    o   Implementing digital equity plans and related activities
    o   Providing digital literacy and digital skills education
    o   Facilitating the adoption of high-speed internet

Applications are due at 11:59 PM EST on July 12, 2022.

Distance Learning, Telemedicine, and Broadband Program: Reconnect Program

IIJA will provide $1.93 billion in grants, direct loans, or a combination of the two to states, local governments, or any other related organization for the Reconnect Program.

  • The program receives funds to build infrastructure and install equipment that provides modern, reliable high-speed Internet service in rural America.
  • The program can be used to fund the costs of construction, improvement, or acquisition of facilities and equipment needed to provide broadband service capable of delivering 100 Mbps symmetrical service and the acquisition of an existing system not currently providing sufficient access to broadband service, under certain circumstances, and with restrictions.
  • Up to five percent of the award may be used for preapplication expenses.

More information on the Distance Learning, Telemedicine, and Broadband Program of the Reconnect Program (Note: Information can be found on page 13).

IIJA Funding for Water Infrastructure

The IIJA invests more than $50 billion through the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) drinking water, wastewater, and stormwater infrastructure programs.

Program Name

IIJA Funding
(Generally funding is over 5 years but portions may still be subject to future appropriations)

Resource(s)

Lead Service Line Replacement (through Drinking Water State Revolving Funds)

$15 billion (49 percent of funds will be provided to communities as grants or principal forgiveness loans; 51 percent of funds will be available to communities for low-interest loans)

EPA Drinking Water State Revolving Funds (DWSRF)

Water Infrastructure Improvements for the Nation Small and Underserved Communities Emerging Contaminants Grant Program

IIJA provides $5 billion in grants for this program.

  • States initially receive funding, then provide funds through grants to water utilities and other eligible entities in small and/or underserved/disadvantaged communities. Tribes and territories are also eligible to receive funds under this program.
  • This grant program provides grants to public water systems in small and underserved/disadvantaged communities that are unable to finance activities needed to comply with drinking water regulations.
  • Bipartisan Infrastructure Law prioritizes the funding to focus on small and disadvantaged communities in addressing emerging contaminants, including PFAS.

Information for this program on Emerging Contaminants and how to submit a Letter of Intent

Watershed Rehabilitation Program

IIJA provides $118 million in technical and financial assistance to local sponsors or legal subdivisions of state or tribal governments.

  • Eligible Sponsors: cities, counties, towns, conservation districts, or tribes.
  • This program provides planning, design, and construction for Department of Agriculture assisted dams to extend their service life and meet current safety requirements.
  • It also rehabilitates high hazard watershed dams previously installed under the four following authorities: PL 83-566, PL 78-534, RC&D, and Pilot Program.

More information on the Watershed Rehabilitation Program on the US Department of Agriculture website.

Water & Groundwater Storage, and Conveyance Program

IIJA provides $1.15 billion to states and local governments.

Water storage, groundwater storage, and conveyance projects with existing feasibility study or construction authorization are eligible for funding. The project must be found feasible and with benefits proportionate to federal investment. Funding will be provided through a combination of internal formulation and competitive grant processes.

Program details forthcoming

Drinking Water State Revolving Fund Emerging Contaminants (including PFAS)

IIJA provides $4 billion in grants for this program.

  • States initially receive funding, then provide funds to water utilities and/or municipal and other eligible entities. Tribes and territories are also eligible to receive a portion of State revolving funds.
  • Drinking Water State Revolving Fund funding as described in the Drinking Water State Revolving Fund program, with eligible projects limited to those that address emerging contaminants, such as PFAS.
  • States apply for a capitalization grant with no state match required. The states provide loans with principal forgiveness or grants to fund drinking water infrastructure projects to address emerging contaminants, including PFAS.

More information on the Drinking Water State Revolving fund on the EPA website.

Clean Water State Revolving Fund - Emerging Contaminants

IIJA provides $1 billion in grants for this program.

  • States initially receive funding, then provide funds to water utilities and/or municipal and other eligible entities. Tribes and territories are also eligible to receive a portion of State revolving funds.
  • Clean Water State Revolving Fund funding as described in the Clean Water State Revolving Fund program, with eligible projects limited to those that address emerging contaminants, such as PFAS.
  • States apply for a capitalization grant with no state match required. The states provide loans with principal forgiveness or grants to fund drinking water infrastructure projects to address emerging contaminants, including PFAS.

More information on the Clean Water State Revolving Fund on the EPA website.

Underground Injection Control Grants: Class VI wells

IIJA provides $50 million in grants to states and tribes.

  • The Underground Injection Control Grants fund federal, state, and Tribal government agencies that oversee underground injection activities to prevent contamination of underground sources of drinking water from fluid injection practices.
  • The funding in Bipartisan Infrastructure Law targets funding to Class VI wells utilized for carbon sequestration.
  • The law includes an additional $25 million to support the permitting of these wells on top of the $50 million in grant funding.
  • Eligible entities shall use grants to defray the expenses related to the establishment and operation of a Class VI primacy program.

More information on Underground Injection Control Grants: Class VI wells on the EPA website

IIJA Funding for Resiliency

The IIJA makes our communities safer and our infrastructure more resilient to the impacts of climate change and cyber-attacks, with an investment of more than $50 billion to protect against droughts, heat, floods and wildfires, in addition to major investments in weatherization. The legislation is the largest investment in the resilience of physical and natural systems in American history.

Program Name

IIJA Funding

(Generally funding is over 5 years but portions may still be subject to future appropriations)

Resource(s)

State and Local Cybersecurity Grant Program

IIJA provides $1 billion administered through the Department of Homeland Security's Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency (CISA) for state and local governments to address cybersecurity risks and cybersecurity threats to information systems that they own or operate.

  • Program details forthcoming; applications will likely open during 3Q of 2022

Pollution Prevention Grant

IIJA provides $100 million in grants to states, state-sponsored institutions, tribes, and tribal institutions. This program will guarantee the delivery of technical assistance to businesses - including those communities with environmental justice concerns - to identify and adopt source reduction practices and technologies that benefit businesses, communities, and local economies. 

Carbon Reduction Program

IIJA provides approximately $6.42 billion in formula grants to states and the District of Columbia.

  • This program will provide grants to reduce transportation emissions or the development of carbon reduction strategies.
  • Eligible projects include the construction, planning, and design of trail facilities for pedestrians, bicyclists, and other non-motorized forms of transportation; public transportation projects; and congestion management technologies.

More information on the Carbon Reduction Program on the Federal Highway Administration website.

Watershed and Flood Prevention Operations

IIJA provides $500 million in technical and financial assistance to local sponsors or legal subdivisions of state or tribal governments.

  • Eligible sponsors: cities, counties, towns, conservation districts, and/or tribes.
  • This program provides planning, design, and construction of measures that address resource concerns in a watershed.
  • Eligible uses include flood prevention, watershed protection, public recreation, public fish and wildlife, agriculture water management, municipal and industrial water supply, or water quality management.

More information on the Watershed and Flood Prevention Operation program on the US Department of Agriculture website

Preventing Outages and Enhancing the Resilience of the Electric Grid Grants

IIJA provides $5 billion in competitive grants to states, tribes, and entities that operate or are involved with electricity.

  • This program aims to prevent outages and enhance the resilience of the electric grid
  • Eligible uses include carrying out activities that are supplemental to existing hardening efforts and reduce the risk of power lines causing a wildfire, or reduce the likelihood and consequence of disruptive events.

Estimated application open date is the 4th quarter of 2022.

Flood and Inundation Mapping and Forecasting, Water Modeling, and Precipitation Studies

IIJA provides $492 million through various funding mechanisms to states, counties, cities, townships, special districts, tribes, educational institutions, and nonprofits.

  • This program will allow the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) to transform water prediction by delivering operational, continental-scale coastal and inland flood models and mapping capabilities.
  • Mapping capabilities include flood forecasts and projections that will provide actionable decision support services equitably delivered to communities across the nation.
  • Eligible uses include coastal, inland flood, and inundation mapping and forecasting and next-generation water modeling activities - including modernized precipitation frequency and probable maximum studies.

Program details forthcoming

Flood Mitigation Assistance Grants

IIJA provides $3.5 billion in grants to states, local governments, tribes, territories, and local communities.

  • The Flood Mitigation Assistance program makes federal funds available to reduce or eliminate the risk of repetitive flood damage to buildings and structures.

Applications for Fiscal Year 2022 are expected to open no later than September 30th, 2022.

Department of Interior Wildfire Management - Preparedness

IIJA provides $245 million in direct federal spending, interagency agreements, cooperative agreements, cooperative agreements and/or grants, and possibly contacts.

  • This preparedness program funds a range of actions that helps the federal government prepare to respond to wildland fire.
  • These include hiring people, training them, tracking their qualifications, and planning our wildfire response ahead of time.
  • It also provides for the purchasing of equipment for early wildfire detection, real-time monitoring, and radios to support interoperability with agency partners; financial assistance to local communities to purchase slip-on tanks; and increases in firefighter pay and other firefighter workforce reforms.

Program details forthcoming

Emergency Preparedness Grants

IIJA provides approximately $234.1 million in states, counties, territories, tribes, cities, townships, non-profit businesses, emergency response organizations, and hazardous materials enforcement organizations.

The Hazardous Materials Grants Program is comprised of the following grants:

  • Hazardous Materials Emergency Program
  • Assistance for Local Emergency Response Training
  • Hazardous Materials Instructor Training
  • Supplemental Public Sector Training

Eligible uses include developing, improving, and carrying out emergency plans including ascertaining flow patterns of hazardous materials; deciding on the need for regional hazardous material emergency response teams; training public sector employees to respond to accidents and incidents involving hazardous materials; and training hazardous materials safety employees to become instructors to extend the reach of hazardous materials training.

Program details forthcoming

Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant Program

IIJA provides $550 million of block and competitive grants to states, local governments, and tribes.

This program provides funds to assist states, local governments, and tribes to reduce energy use, reduce fossil fuel emissions, and improve energy efficiency.

The first funding opportunity is expected for release in the Fall of 2022.

Building Codes Implementation for Efficiency and Resilience

IIJA provides $225 million in grants to states and state partnerships.

This is a competitive grant program that will enable sustained, cost-effective implementation of updated building energy codes to save customer's money on their energy bill.

Eligible uses:

  • To create or enable State or regional partnerships to provide training and materials
  • To collect and disseminate quantitative data on construction and codes implementation, including
    code pathways, performance metrics, and technologies used
  • To develop and implement a plan for highly effective codes implementation, including measuring
    compliance
  • To address various implementation needs in rural, suburban, and urban areas
  • To implement updates in energy codes

Applications for funding are expected to be open by the end of 2022.

Habitat Restoration

IIJA provides $491 million in grants to state and territorial governments agencies, local governments, municipal governments, tribes, or other organizations.

The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration’s Office of Habitat Conservation will implement the habitat restoration funds through a competitive grants process with the purpose of restoring marine, estuarine, coastal, and Great Lakes ecosystem habitat as well as constructing or protecting ecological features that protect coastal communities from flooding or coastal storms.

Program details forthcoming

Coastal Zone Management

IIJA provides $207 million in grants to states (including the District of Columbia), territories, institutions of higher education, and hospitals.

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Association's Office for Coastal Management will implement these funds through Coastal Zone Management competitive and noncompetitive grants with the purpose of restoring and protecting coastal ecosystems through direct investment by coastal states and territories in ecologically significant habitats.

More information on the Coastal Zone Management Program

Regional Clean Hydrogen Hubs

IIJA provides $8 billion in grants to state and local governments as well as a variety of other organizations and institutions that may utilize or develop clean hydrogen hubs.

This program provides funding to support the development of at least 4 regional clean hydrogen hubs to improve clean hydrogen production, processing, delivery, storage, and end use.

Clean hydrogen hubs are networks of clean hydrogen producers, potential clean hydrogen consumers, and connective infrastructure located in close proximity.

Notice of Intent to issue Funding Opportunity for Regional Clean Hydrogen Hubs.

Applications for funding will open September/October 2022.

Battery Manufacturing and Recycling Grants

IIJA provides $3 billion in grants to state and local governments, institutions of higher education, national laboratories, non-profit and for-profit private entities, or a combination of these entities.

  • This program will provide grants to ensure that the United States has a viable domestic manufacturing and recycling capability to support a North American battery supply chain.
  • Eligible uses include demonstration projects, construction of commercial-scale facilities, retrofitting and retooling of existing facilities for battery component manufacturing, advanced battery manufacturing, and recycling.

Notice of Intent to issue Funding Opportunity for Battery Manufacturing and Recycling Grants.

Applications for funding will open September/October 2022.

Rehabilitation of High Hazard Dams Program

IIJA provides $585 million in grants to states.

  • The Rehabilitation of High Hazard Potential Dams Grant Program makes available federal funds to eligible states for pass through to non-federal governmental organizations or nonprofit organizations for the rehabilitation of dams.
  • Eligible activities include repair, removal, or any other structural or nonstructural measures to rehabilitate an eligible high hazard potential dam.
  • The Federal Emergency Management Agency’s Rehabilitation of High Hazard Potential Dams grant program provides technical, planning, design, and construction assistance for eligible rehabilitation activities that reduce dam risk and increase community preparedness.

More information on the Rehabilitation of High Hazard Dams Program can be found here.

Energy Storage Demonstration Pilot Grant Program

IIJA provides $355 million in grants or cooperative agreements to state and local governments, tribal organizations, community based organizations, and higher ed institutions.

This project provides funds to carry out 3 energy storage system demonstration projects.

More information about the Energy Storage Demonstration Pilot Grant Program

Estimated application opening date, 3rd quarter 2022.

Carbon Utilization Program

IIJA provides approximately $310 million in grants to states, local governments, and utilities.

This program provides funds to procure and use products derived from captured carbon oxides.

An eligible entity shall use a grant received under this paragraph to procure and use commercial or industrial products that

  • use or are derived from anthropogenic carbon oxides
  • demonstrate significant net reductions in lifecycle greenhouse gas emissions compared to incumbent technologies, processes, and products.

More information about the Carbon Utilization Program

Estimated application opening date, 4th quarter 2022.

Building Codes Implementation for Efficiency and Resilience

IIJA provides $225 million in grants to states and state partnerships.

This is a competitive program to enable sustained, cost-effective implementation of updated building energy codes to save customers money on their energy bills.

More information about the Building Codes Implementation for Efficiency and Resilience

Applications for funding are expected to be open by the end of 2022

National Dam Safety Program

IIJA provides $148 million for states in the form of grants and direct federal spending. An extra $67 million is for program operations.

  • The National Dam Safety Program encourages the establishment and maintenance of effective state programs intended to ensure dam safety, protects human life and property, and improves state dam safety programs.
  • The National Dam Safety Program is a partnership of states, federal agencies, and other stakeholders to encourage and promote the establishment and maintenance of effective federal and state dam safety programs to reduce the risk to human life and property.

More information on the National Dam Safety Program on the FEMA website

Energy Auditor Training Grant Program

IIJA provides $40 million in grants to states.

This program provides grants to eligible states to train individuals to conduct energy audits or surveys of commercial and residential buildings to build the clean energy workforce, save customers money on their energy bills, and reduce pollution from building energy use.

Eligible uses:

  • To cover any cost associated with individuals being trained or certified to conduct energy audits by the state or a state-certified third-party training program.
  • To pay the wages of a trainee during the period in which the trainee receives training and certification.

More information on the Energy Auditor Training Grant Program on the Department of Energy website

Building Resilient Infrastructure and Communities

IIJA provides $1 billion in grants to states, local governments, tribes, and territories.

The Building Resilient Infrastructure and Communities program makes federal funds available for hazard mitigation activities.

Federal Emergency Management Agency will provide financial assistance to eligible Building Resilient Infrastructure and Communities applicants for the following activities:

  • Capability and Capacity-Building
  • Mitigation Projects
  • Management Costs

More information on the Building Resilient Infrastructure and Communities program on the EPA website.

Applications for Fiscal Year 2022 are expected to open no later than September 30, 2022.

Community Wildfire Defense Grant Program For at-Risk Communities

IIJA provides $1 billion in grants to communities at risk from wildfire, state forestry agencies, tribal communities, private forest owners, and other nonprofit organizations.

This program will provide grants to communities at risk from wildfire to develop or revise their community wildfire protection plans and carry out projects described within those plans.

It will include a mix of formula and competitive grants.

Applications are expected to open early 2023.

Hazard Mitigation Revolving Loan Funds/Safeguarding Tomorrow through Ongoing Risk Mitigation

IIJA provides $500 million in grants to a state or Indian tribal government that has received a major disaster declaration during the 5-year period ending on the date of enactment of the STORM Act.

This program provides capitalization grants for the establishment revolving loan funds to provide hazard mitigation assistance to local governments.

Program details forthcoming

National Oceans and Coastal Security Fund

IIJA provides $492 million in grants to state and territorial government agencies, local governments, municipal governments, tribal government and organizations, educational institutions, and other organizations.

  • The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's National Oceans and Coastal Security Fund will significantly increase annual investments to the National Coastal Resilience Fund, which restores, increases, and strengthens natural infrastructure to protect coastal communities while also enhancing habitat for fish and wildlife.
  • This program will be administered and competed by the National Fish and Wildlife Foundation.

Program details forthcoming

Grants for States and Tribes for Voluntary Restoration

IIJA provides $400 million in grants to states and tribes.

These funds provide grant programs to states, territories of the United States, and Indian Tribes for implementing voluntary restoration projects on private or public lands.

Funding Guidance for State and Tribal Response Programs Fiscal Year 2022 (Bipartisan Infrastructure Law Funds)

Financial Assistance to Facilities That Purchase and Process Byproducts for Ecosystem Restoration Projects

IIJA provides $400 million in grants to states and tribes.

  • This program is responsible for management of programs with authority to dispose of National Forest System timber and non-timber forest products harvested for commercial, personal, and Tribal uses.
  • Eligible uses include sale preparation, contract administration, purchaser suspension, and debarment, special forest products, and related authorities and programs.

Estimated application opening date, 3rd quarter 2022.

Direct Federal Spending for Invasives

IIJA provides $100 million in grants and direct federal spending to states and tribes.

  • This program provides funding for invasive species detection, prevention, and eradication on private or public lands.
  • Eligible uses include projects and programs for invasive species detection, prevention, and eradication, including conducting research and providing resources to facilitate detection of invasive species at points of entry and awarding grants for eradication of invasive species on non-Federal land and on Federal land.

Program details forthcoming

Abandoned Mine Reclamation Fund

IIJA provides approximately $11.29 billion in grants to states and tribes.

  • This program provides funding to administer a program to provide grants to eligible states and tribes to clean up abandoned coal mines and related programs.
  • Eligible uses include: cleaning up abandoned coal mine sites and related problems, as specified in the Bipartisan Infrastructure Law, that pose a threat to public health and safety, and restoring land and water resources degraded by the effects of past coal mining, and addressing emergency projects.

More information on the Abandoned Mine Reclamation Fund.

Estimated application opening date, 3rd quarter 2022.