Infrastructure Investment and Jobs Act (IIJA) Implementation Resources
The Infrastructure Investment and Jobs Act (IIJA), aka Bipartisan Infrastructure Law (BIL), was signed into law by President Biden on November 15, 2021. The law authorizes $1.2 trillion for transportation and infrastructure spending with $550 billion of that figure going toward “new” investments and programs. Funding from the IIJA is expansive in its reach, addressing energy and power infrastructure, access to broadband internet, water infrastructure, and more. Some of the new programs funded by the bill could provide the resources needed to address a variety of infrastructure needs at the local level.
The GFOA Federal Liaison Center will monitor program implementation and update resources as needed in the sections below. PLEASE NOTE: The new programs are generally still at various stages of agency development; we will strive to post updates when available.
Resources from the White House
Federal Agency Resources
Requirements to Consider in Preparation of Funding/Program Rollout
Buy America, Build America Act (BABA)
The Buy America, Build America Act is part of the Infrastructure and Investment Jobs Act (IIJA). The act aims to prioritize and incentivize the usage of goods, products, materials, and services made or provided for in the United States. Specifically for infrastructure, the Act will provide Federal financial assistance for any program that has infrastructure, even if infrastructure is not the primary purpose of the program. However, it must adhere to the following requirements:
- All iron and steel used in infrastructure projects must be made in the United States throughout the entirety of the manufacturing process.
- All manufactured products must be produced in the United States. All components of the manufactured product must be produced in the United States and be greater than 55 percent of the total cost of all components of the manufactured product.
- All construction materials must be made in the United States throughout the entirety of the manufacturing process.
Link to initial guidance on the implementation of Buy America, Build America Act (BABA). Click here for the Made in America Office, established under the IIJA to serve as a central hub to help coordinate the Federal Government’s efforts to implement Made in America laws. This is accomplished by increasing transparency and maximizing the use of domestic content when the Federal Government spends taxpayer dollars.
The Justice40 Initiative has made it a priority of the federal government t commit at least 40% of all federal funds from federal investments to disadvantaged communities that are marginalized, underserved, and overburdened with pollution. The categories of investment are: climate change, clean energy and energy efficiency, clean transit, affordable and sustainable housing, training and workforce development, remediation and reduction of legacy pollution, and the development of critical clean water and wastewater infrastructure. Covered federal investments include any grant or procurement spending, financing, staffing costs, direct spending, or benefits to individuals for a covered program in a Justice40 program.
For more information on the Justice40 Initiative, click on the link here.
The Climate and Economic Justice Screening Tool is a geospatial mapping tool to identify disadvantaged communities across all 50 states, the District of Columbia, and the U.S. territories that are marginalized, underserved, and overburdened by pollution. This tool can help promote the Justice40 program as it can help identify disadvantaged communities. Click here to access the tool.
Funding Opportunities Under IIJA - Notice of Funding Opportunity (NOFO) Tracker
The page aims to provide a sampling of the various programs/funding available under the law that may be of interest to states and local governments of all sizes. Additionally, we have created a separate Notice of Funding Opportunity (NOFO) tracker based on some of the programs highlighted below.
NOFOs are the formally issued announcement from a federal agency of the availability of federal or federal pass-through funding via one of its financial assistance programs.
Click HERE for GFOA's IIJA NOFO Tracker.
Funding Overviews - The programs listed below are not every program in IIJA, but are some of those of interest to state and local governments.
IIJA Funding for Roads, Bridges, and Railways
The Department of Transportation (USDOT) released state-by-state fact sheets to highlight how the funding could benefit based on the amount the state could expect to receive. You can click HERE to find your state's fact sheet.
National Highway Performance Program
Surface Transportation Block Grant Program
Capital Investment Grants Program
Rebuilding American Infrastructure with Sustainability and Equity (RAISE) Discretionary Grant program
Infrastructure for Rebuilding America (INFRA) Grant Program
National Infrastructure Project Assistance (also known as "Megaprojects" or "MEGA")
Rural Surface Transportation Grant Program (Rural)
Safe Streets and Roads for All Grant Program
Railroad Crossing Elimination Grant Program
Promoting Resilient Operations for Transformative, Efficient and Cost-Saving Transportation (PROTECT) Grants
Bridge Formula Program
Reconnecting Communities Pilot Program
Congestion Mitigation & Air Quality Improvement Program
National Highway Freight Program
Metropolitan Planning Program
Highway Safety Improvement Program
Transportation Infrastructure Finance and Innovation Act Program
Disadvantaged Business Enterprise
Bridge Investment Program
National Culvert Removal, Replacement, & Removal Grant
Advanced Transportation Technologies & Innovative Mobility Development
Nationally Significant Federal Lands and Tribal Projects
Federal-State Partnership for Intercity Passenger Rail Grants
Consolidated Rail Infrastructure and Safety Improvement Grants
Rail Vehicle Replacement Grants
IIJA Funding for Public Transportation
The IIJA invests $91.2 billion to repair and modernize transit. The legislation supports expanded public transportation choices nationwide, replacing thousands of deficient transit vehicles, including buses, with clean, zero emission vehicles, and improving accessibility for the elderly and people with disabilities.
Link to Public Transportation Agency Safety Plan FAQs for New Bipartisan Infrastructure Law Requirements.
Low or No Emission Bus Grants
Bus and Bus Facilities Competitive Grants
Urbanized Area Formula Grants
Metropolitan Transportation Planning Program
Statewide Transportation Planning Program
Pilot Program for Transit Oriented Development
Passenger Ferry Grant Program
Ferry Service for Rural Communities Program
Enhanced Mobility of Seniors and Individuals with Disabilities
Formula Grants for Rural Areas
Rural Transportation Assistance Program
Appalachian Development Public Transportation Assistance Program
State of Good Repair Grants
Research, Development, Demonstration, and Deployment Project
Congestion Relief Program
Strengthening Mobility and Revolutionizing Transportation (SMART) Grants
All Stations Accessibility Program
Wildlife Crossings Pilot Program
IIJA Funding for Airports and Federal Aviation Administration Facilities
The IIJA invests $25 billion to address repair and maintenance needs, reduce congestion and emissions, and modernize our National Aerospace System.
Airport Terminals Program
IIJA Funding for Ports and Waterways
The IIJA invests over $16.7 billion to improve infrastructure at coastal ports, inland ports and waterways, and land ports of entry along our border.
Port Infrastructure Development Program Grants
Construction of Ferry Boats and Ferry Terminal Facilities
Reduction of Truck Emissions at Port Facilities
IIJA Funding for Electric Vehicles, Buses, and Ferries
The IIJA includes a $7.5 billion investment in electric vehicle charging to help build out a national network of 500,000 electric vehicle chargers. In addition, there are investments from the IIJA for specific vehicles to transition to electric school buses, transit buses, and even passenger ferries to reduce emissions for their riders, including children and low-income families that bear the greatest burdens of pollution while trying to meet their mobility needs.
Electric or Low-Emitting Ferry Program
Charging and Fueling Infrastructure Grants
Clean School Bus Program
IIJA Funding for Broadband Deployment and Access
The IIJA included a $65 billion investment to help close the digital divide and ensure access for all Americans to reliable, high speed, and affordable broadband. The additional funding builds off of investments in previous laws, including the American Rescue Plan (ARPA) and the Consolidated Appropriations Act of 2021. As a result of the additional funding, the National Telecommunications and Information Administration (NTIA) will implement several new programs. Click HERE for the Internet for All initiative that includes additional information on the new grant programs discussed below.
Broadband Equity, Access, and Deployment (BEAD) Program
Enabling Middle Mile Broadband Infrastructure Program
Digital Equity Act Programs
Distance Learning, Telemedicine, and Broadband Program: Reconnect Program
IIJA Funding for Water Infrastructure
The IIJA invests more than $50 billion through the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) drinking water, wastewater, and stormwater infrastructure programs.
Lead Service Line Replacement (through Drinking Water State Revolving Funds)
Small and Underserved Communities Emerging Contaminants Grant Program
Watershed Rehabilitation Program
Water & Groundwater Storage, and Conveyance Program
Drinking Water State Revolving Fund Emerging Contaminants (including PFAS)
Clean Water State Revolving Fund - Emerging Contaminants
IIJA Funding for Resiliency
The IIJA makes our communities safer and our infrastructure more resilient to the impacts of climate change and cyber-attacks, with an investment of more than $50 billion to protect against droughts, heat, floods and wildfires, in addition to major investments in weatherization. The legislation is the largest investment in the resilience of physical and natural systems in American history.
State and Local Cybersecurity Grant Program
Pollution Prevention Grant
Carbon Reduction Program
Watershed and Flood Prevention Operation
Preventing Outages and Enhancing the Resilience of the Electric Grid Grants
Flood and Inundation Mapping and Forecasting, Water Modeling, and Precipitation Studies
Flood Mitigation Assistance Grants
Emergency Preparedness Grants
Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant Program
Building Codes Implementation for Efficiency and Resilience
Coastal Zone Management
Regional Clean Hydrogen Hubs
Battery Manufacturing and Recycling Grants
Rehabilitation of High Hazard Dams Program
Energy Storage Demonstration Pilot Grant Program
Carbon Utilization Program
Building Resilient Infrastructure and Communities
Community Wildfire Defense Grant Program For at-Risk Communities
Hazard Mitigation Revolving Loan Funds/Safeguarding Tomorrow through Ongoing Risk Mitigation
National Oceans and Coastal Security Fund
Abandoned Mine Reclamation Fund