Infrastructure Investment and Jobs Act (IIJA) Implementation Resources

The Infrastructure Investment and Jobs Act (IIJA), aka Bipartisan Infrastructure Law (BIL), was signed into law by President Biden on November 15, 2021. The law authorizes $1.2 trillion for transportation and infrastructure spending with $550 billion of that figure going toward “new” investments and programs. Funding from the IIJA is expansive in its reach, addressing energy and power infrastructure, access to broadband internet, water infrastructure, and more. Some of the new programs funded by the bill could provide the resources needed to address a variety of infrastructure needs at the local level.

The GFOA Federal Liaison Center will monitor program implementation and update resources as needed in the sections below. PLEASE NOTE: The new programs are generally still at various stages of agency development; we will strive to post updates when available.

Click HERE for quick navigation to GFOA's IIJA NOFO Tracker.

Resources from the White House

Federal Agency Resources

Requirements to Consider in Preparation of Funding/Program Rollout

Buy America, Build America Act (BABA)

The Buy America, Build America Act is part of the Infrastructure and Investment Jobs Act (IIJA). The act aims to prioritize and incentivize the usage of goods, products, materials, and services made or provided for in the United States. Specifically for infrastructure, the Act will provide Federal financial assistance for any program that has infrastructure, even if infrastructure is not the primary purpose of the program. However, it must adhere to the following requirements:

  • All iron and steel used in infrastructure projects must be made in the United States throughout the entirety of the manufacturing process.
  • All manufactured products must be produced in the United States. All components of the manufactured product must be produced in the United States and be greater than 55 percent of the total cost of all components of the manufactured product.
  • All construction materials must be made in the United States throughout the entirety of the manufacturing process.

Link to initial guidance on the implementation of Buy America, Build America Act (BABA). Click here for the Made in America Office, established under the IIJA to serve as a central hub to help coordinate the Federal Government’s efforts to implement Made in America laws. This is accomplished by increasing transparency and maximizing the use of domestic content when the Federal Government spends taxpayer dollars.

Justice40 Initiative

The Justice40 Initiative has made it a priority of the federal government t commit at least 40% of all federal funds from federal investments to disadvantaged communities that are marginalized, underserved, and overburdened with pollution. The categories of investment are: climate change, clean energy and energy efficiency, clean transit, affordable and sustainable housing, training and workforce development, remediation and reduction of legacy pollution, and the development of critical clean water and wastewater infrastructure. Covered federal investments include any grant or procurement spending, financing, staffing costs, direct spending, or benefits to individuals for a covered program in a Justice40 program.

For more information on the Justice40 Initiative, click on the link here.

The Climate and Economic Justice Screening Tool is a geospatial mapping tool to identify disadvantaged communities across all 50 states, the District of Columbia, and the U.S. territories that are marginalized, underserved, and overburdened by pollution. This tool can help promote the Justice40 program as it can help identify disadvantaged communities. .

Funding Opportunities Under IIJA - Notice of Funding Opportunity (NOFO) Tracker

The page aims to provide a sampling of the various programs/funding available under the law that may be of interest to states and local governments of all sizes. Additionally, we have created a separate Notice of Funding Opportunity (NOFO) tracker based on some of the programs highlighted below.

NOFOs are the formally issued announcement from a federal agency of the availability of federal or federal pass-through funding via one of its financial assistance programs.

Click HERE for GFOA's IIJA NOFO Tracker.

Funding Overviews - The programs listed below are not every program in IIJA, but are some of those of interest to state and local governments.

IIJA Funding for Roads, Bridges, and Railways

The Department of Transportation (USDOT) released state-by-state fact sheets to highlight how the funding could benefit based on the amount the state could expect to receive. You can click HERE to find your state's fact sheet.

National Highway Performance Program

Surface Transportation Block Grant Program

Capital Investment Grants Program

Rebuilding American Infrastructure with Sustainability and Equity (RAISE) Discretionary Grant program

Infrastructure for Rebuilding America (INFRA) Grant Program

National Infrastructure Project Assistance (also known as "Megaprojects" or "MEGA")

Rural Surface Transportation Grant Program (Rural)

Safe Streets and Roads for All Grant Program

Railroad Crossing Elimination Grant Program

Promoting Resilient Operations for Transformative, Efficient and Cost-Saving Transportation (PROTECT) Grants

Bridge Formula Program

Reconnecting Communities Pilot Program

Congestion Mitigation & Air Quality Improvement Program

National Highway Freight Program

Metropolitan Planning Program

Highway Safety Improvement Program

Transportation Infrastructure Finance and Innovation Act Program

Disadvantaged Business Enterprise

Bridge Investment Program

National Culvert Removal, Replacement, & Removal Grant

Advanced Transportation Technologies & Innovative Mobility Development

Nationally Significant Federal Lands and Tribal Projects

Federal-State Partnership for Intercity Passenger Rail Grants

Consolidated Rail Infrastructure and Safety Improvement Grants

Rail Vehicle Replacement Grants

IIJA Funding for Public Transportation

The IIJA invests $91.2 billion to repair and modernize transit. The legislation supports expanded public transportation choices nationwide, replacing thousands of deficient transit vehicles, including buses, with clean, zero emission vehicles, and improving accessibility for the elderly and people with disabilities.

Link to Public Transportation Agency Safety Plan FAQs for New Bipartisan Infrastructure Law Requirements.

Low or No Emission Bus Grants

Bus and Bus Facilities Competitive Grants

Urbanized Area Formula Grants

Metropolitan Transportation Planning Program

Statewide Transportation Planning Program

Pilot Program for Transit Oriented Development

Passenger Ferry Grant Program

Ferry Service for Rural Communities Program

Enhanced Mobility of Seniors and Individuals with Disabilities

Formula Grants for Rural Areas

Rural Transportation Assistance Program

Appalachian Development Public Transportation Assistance Program

State of Good Repair Grants

Research, Development, Demonstration, and Deployment Project

Congestion Relief Program

Strengthening Mobility and Revolutionizing Transportation (SMART) Grants

All Stations Accessibility Program

Wildlife Crossings Pilot Program

IIJA Funding for Airports and Federal Aviation Administration Facilities

The IIJA invests $25 billion to address repair and maintenance needs, reduce congestion and emissions, and modernize our National Aerospace System.

Airport Terminals Program

IIJA Funding for Ports and Waterways

The IIJA invests over $16.7 billion to improve infrastructure at coastal ports, inland ports and waterways, and land ports of entry along our border.

Port Infrastructure Development Program Grants

Construction of Ferry Boats and Ferry Terminal Facilities

Reduction of Truck Emissions at Port Facilities

IIJA Funding for Electric Vehicles, Buses, and Ferries

The IIJA includes a $7.5 billion investment in electric vehicle charging to help build out a national network of 500,000 electric vehicle chargers. In addition, there are investments from the IIJA for specific vehicles to transition to electric school buses, transit buses, and even passenger ferries to reduce emissions for their riders, including children and low-income families that bear the greatest burdens of pollution while trying to meet their mobility needs.

Electric or Low-Emitting Ferry Program

Charging and Fueling Infrastructure Grants

Clean School Bus Program

IIJA Funding for Broadband Deployment and Access

The IIJA included a $65 billion investment to help close the digital divide and ensure access for all Americans to reliable, high speed, and affordable broadband. The additional funding builds off of investments in previous laws, including the American Rescue Plan (ARPA) and the Consolidated Appropriations Act of 2021. As a result of the additional funding, the National Telecommunications and Information Administration (NTIA) will implement several new programs. Click HERE for the Internet for All initiative that includes additional information on the new grant programs discussed below.

Broadband Equity, Access, and Deployment (BEAD) Program

Enabling Middle Mile Broadband Infrastructure Program

Digital Equity Act Programs

Distance Learning, Telemedicine, and Broadband Program: Reconnect Program

IIJA Funding for Water Infrastructure

The IIJA invests more than $50 billion through the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) drinking water, wastewater, and stormwater infrastructure programs.

Lead Service Line Replacement (through Drinking Water State Revolving Funds)

Small and Underserved Communities Emerging Contaminants Grant Program

Watershed Rehabilitation Program

Water & Groundwater Storage, and Conveyance Program

Drinking Water State Revolving Fund Emerging Contaminants (including PFAS)

Clean Water State Revolving Fund - Emerging Contaminants

IIJA Funding for Resiliency

The IIJA makes our communities safer and our infrastructure more resilient to the impacts of climate change and cyber-attacks, with an investment of more than $50 billion to protect against droughts, heat, floods and wildfires, in addition to major investments in weatherization. The legislation is the largest investment in the resilience of physical and natural systems in American history.

State and Local Cybersecurity Grant Program

Pollution Prevention Grant

Carbon Reduction Program

Watershed and Flood Prevention Operation

Preventing Outages and Enhancing the Resilience of the Electric Grid Grants

Flood and Inundation Mapping and Forecasting, Water Modeling, and Precipitation Studies

Flood Mitigation Assistance Grants

Emergency Preparedness Grants

Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant Program

Building Codes Implementation for Efficiency and Resilience

Habitat Restoration

Coastal Zone Management

Regional Clean Hydrogen Hubs

Battery Manufacturing and Recycling Grants

Rehabilitation of High Hazard Dams Program

Energy Storage Demonstration Pilot Grant Program

Carbon Utilization Program

Building Resilient Infrastructure and Communities

Community Wildfire Defense Grant Program For at-Risk Communities

Hazard Mitigation Revolving Loan Funds/Safeguarding Tomorrow through Ongoing Risk Mitigation

National Oceans and Coastal Security Fund

Abandoned Mine Reclamation Fund