When governments determine their capital needs, issuing debt is a vehicle used to fund these projects. Governments have various standards that must be met to issue debt in the municipal bond market. Understanding how this market works as well as the debt issuance and management process are key to having a successful program. The exam will cover best practices in capital planning, debt management policies and procedures, financing instruments, bond sale mechanics, disclosure responsibilities. General market topics are also included in the exam.
Debt Management Outline
Debt Management Policy
Debt Capacity Analysis
Financing Instruments and Techniques
Financing Team/ External Professional Services
GFOA recommends that CPFO candidate review the following materials to prepare for the exam.
GFOA Best Practices
GFOA best practices are developed by GFOA's Committee on Debt Management and represent the organization's recommended practices in common areas related to debt.
Research Reports and Publications
- Debt 101: Issuing Bonds and Your Continuing Obligations
- IRS: Complying with Arbitrage Requirements (2019)
- Better Rating Agency Relations Are Just a Few Steps Away, GFR, August 2020
- A Deeper Understanding of Debt Management, GFR, October 2018
- To P3 or Not to P3, GFR, August 2018
- Mapping Capital Infrastructure: How Infrastructure Investment Decisions are Made, GFR, April 2018
GFOA offers the following training seminars that will help prepare for the debt management exam:
- Debt Management Best Practices – Overview Training
- Overview of Bond Issuance
- Debt Issuance for Small Governments
- Disclosure Update
- Market and Credit Rating Overview
View GFOA's Events Calendar
Additional Web Resources
As the exam development process progresses for the seven new CPFO exams, some materials may be added to this reading list. Please check back regularly for updates to this document until the new exams are launched.
Last updated June 1, 2021